Police Brutality: The Metaphysics of Violence, Kifon Emile, M.A.

“. . . the face presents itself, and demands justice.”

Emmanuel Levinas: Totality and Infinity, 294.

Human existence oscillates between rights and privilege brought to equilibrium through the auspices of the law. It is a right because it is natural; derived from the basic principle that animates life. It is a privilege because it is transcendental; resulting from that which man cannot completely [be]hold, apprehend nor grasp.

The right to exist emanates from its privilege which is transcendental. Because all humans benefit from the latter, it becomes a right by virtue of our indebtedness to the same transcendence which bestowed it upon us. In this light, the encounter with the other is usually either an encounter with one’s own other self or another transcendental manifestation of self [humanity] which commands reverence. Respect, therefore, is not a choice that humans offer another, it is a due that is paid to that transcendence seen in each person which reminds us of our own human[ity]ess. Or as the ethical philosopher, Emmanuel Levinas puts it: “The face opens the primordial discourse whose first word is an obligation.” (Totality and Infinity 201) Another expression for this obligation is the obligation to respect others because the face [other]  is a natural epiphany of relation “ . . . the face speaks to me and thereby invites me to a relation . . .” (ibid. 198).

The equality of all humans is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1945, in these terms: “all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” A better formulation appeared 126 years prior in the form of the declaration of independence: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” These edits underpin the supreme value of life which must not be transgressed in any way. In fact, the values of life, liberty, and happiness must be promoted, defended by all means possible. And for this reason, the institution of government [republic] is created to promote the well-being of everyone, as the aforementioned declaration specifies: “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”

A government, therefore, is instituted primarily for one reason: protect and promote the rights of the individual. In order to accomplish such task, it creates the police, a civil force unit, the protect citizens who are either in harm’s way or in danger from people of the underworld. As a living expression of the law, it reconciles natural rights and transcendental privileges.

Nonetheless, those entrusted with the duty to serve and protect have been the cause of pain for a fair number of persons: about 632 civilian deaths in 2014, 845 deaths in 2015, 183 in 2016. These deaths have often been an issue of concern for most citizens who question the use of force in the defense or elimination of life. While courts have often adjudicated in favor of police officers almost all the time, the public had remained skeptical in most cases and the gap of mistrust has progressively widened between the two.

At the heart of police, violence is the negation of existence, the refusal to acknowledge this basic principle of equality, transcendence, and respect. It is violence borne out of the desire to deny the other’s right to live, to be free, to be happy; the basic right to have a face and consequently be doomed to perpetual silence. It is denial because it confiscates rights [sef-defense?] to oneself while the others’ rights become a privilege resulting from the tolerance of the former. Here, humanity has been betrayed: “we belong to humanity, but humanity doesn’t belong to us.” This is not a structural violence per se, it is a metaphysical violence, arrogance, and brutality where absolute rights become discretionary for those who have stripped them from having a face, a say, a life. Such victims are humans only to the extent to which their human/state counterparts permit, or they’d have to purchase their way up to humanity through a perpetual surrender of will and free-will, which in most cases does not guarantee safety and the obligation of respect.  The conjugation of this brutality is always packaged in a subtle form historically known to mask its outright spitefulness.

The Criminalization of Tolerance

The criminalization of the concept of tolerance seems to originate from the definition both from dictionaries as well as from popular usage. The Cambridge dictionary defines it as a “:…willingness to accept behavior and beliefs that are different from your own even if you disagree or disapprove of them.” Even though this statement surmises reasonably the idea of tolerance, it insinuates some incoherence which should be outlined.

Firstly, it is based on the assumption that people have jurisdiction to agree or disagree with the behavior and beliefs of others even when the latter is not their children, spouse, student or a relation of necessary dependence. The idea of agreeing and disagreeing with others is part of social etiquette and not a duty that some people have to exercise on others.

Secondly, even when the possibility of evaluating or agreeing with the behaviors and beliefs of others, it is always based on the individual’s perspective instead of what is objective or what the law prescribes. In this sense, tolerance becomes another form of abuse of common sense and disregard of the law. For example, if the law requires citizens of every race and ethnic group to sit in a bus, then your acceptance of the way another person sits is not a sign of tolerance since the law already permitted it. A further permission [agreeing] from another person only shows respite for the law which commands everyone. Lastly, society is so diverse and complex that our desire to agree or disagree with their beliefs and behavior is only vain and vile.

Therefore, “tolerance is not the permission that we give to others to exercise their rightful freedom. It is the acceptance that the exercise of the rightful freedom of others is not a privilege of our permission.” (UWC 197). By refusing to claim any jurisdiction of judgment and by admitting the complexity of society which is beyond our sway of wishes, we begin to reach an understanding of tolerance.

The use of violence, often without the exhaustion of all means of communication demonstrate no sign of tolerance: victims are deprived of speaking, having a voice, being different, acting and thinking different. And when thinking/acting differently goes on safely, it becomes not a victory for the rule of law but for the cop for glorifies himself for being nothing more than what he ought to be. Or are we missing the point?

The Suspension of Protocol

Respect is not an option of life, it is the nature of life, in its social sense. Evolutionarily, it is the survival of the fittest. In the social setting, norms, taboos, and laws necessarily guide human actions, so too is the police force. These norms become incorporated into the daily lives of humans thereby becoming a form of etiquette or protocol.

The interaction of police and civilians is a normal interaction as are all others with the exception that one party is a representative of the State, at least formally. But for some reason, they assume the right to suspend protocol during interactions when they find it convenient. In numerous circumstances when the use of force is questionable, any individual would agree that there had always been possibilities of dialogue. But regrettably, within seconds of interactions, some officers judge it fit to pull the trigger knowing that a citizen’s life would be endangered. Argument: self-defense. The use of force for self-defense is mainly justified against necessary, proportional aggression. Running from a cop, pulling an ID or talking disrespectfully to a cop does not necessarily threaten his life.

In numerous circumstances when the use of force is questionable, any individual would agree that there had always been possibilities of dialogue. But regrettably, within seconds of interactions, some officers judge it fit to pull the trigger knowing that a citizen’s life would be endangered. Argument: self-defense. The use of force for self-defense is mainly justified against necessary, proportional aggression. Running from a cop, pulling an ID or talking disrespectfully to a cop does not necessarily threaten his life.

Suspension of protocol or the refusal to communicate indirectly means putting another’s life on suspension till the cop decide his fate. That transitory life, always in suspension through such interactions reflects neglect of the other’s existence. For, no person’s existence should be suspended or threatened by a wall of protocol for the simple reason that every person has a right to exist, differently, weirdly, strangely, angrily. But let it exist. The role of the police of to follow protocol and help others follow, but in no circumstance, risk their lives for not doing exactly so.

The Instrumentalization of Legality

From the old legal model: guilty until found innocent, society went onto innocent until proven guilty in modern societies. The process of law requires that only those found guilty shall be sanctioned through restitutive and punitive measures. As for the latter, the death penalty is reserved mainly for offenses which have caused evident and permanent harm to individuals on a great scale.

Nonetheless, people still die and suffer casualties of various sorts without being charged with any offense simply because of a [subjective] perception construed not necessarily through the instant interaction but through years and decades of criminal construction of prototypes of danger.

But the greatest danger is when the law is instrumentalized to serve only itself and its board members. The use of violence becomes legal at all times while the possibility to defend – declare your innocence becomes a privilege, which some will never have. This abuse of the law, under the pretext of strengthening the – rule of – law, kills the law as well as its citizens who are the very first beneficiary. From a liberal perspective, the laws are made to protect the people while from a Republican perspective, it is made to protect the State. Semantic jargon once more. Res publica, currently transcribed as the republic mainly refers to the stronghold of the public, the people.

And when social uproar questions such use of force, through the force indictment of a given cop, almost all the time the cop is found not guilty. Throughout the United States, these courts have remained consistent in its defense of cops who kills its citizens. This is a real danger to the citizenry.

Brutalization of Civility

Civility has not always been civil. Or, civility is not always civilized. Brutality evidently emerges to strip it from every significant progress, making it digress into primitive brutality cosmetically termed the legitimate use of force or what we may rightfully call the brutalization of civility.

Civilizations are often built on what is not civilized: war, enslavement, and exploitation. These uncivilized models have been incorporated into modern State as legitimate violence. But the line between legitimate and illegitimate is always difficult to establish. For most people, once the State is involved, it becomes acceptable. Gordon was a runaway slave in 1983 from Mississippi made famous by the scares on his back which he received as punishment from his masters.

The heinous nature of slavery could be seen in one picture and this was legitimate violence to the slave owners. Even though the image of his scares was used to make a propaganda against the slavery, it is easily forgotten that current police brutality inscribes into this same logic of violence where lives are lost. Yet, no propaganda is made to end such violence. On the contrary, those who advocate for respect and limited use of deadly force are being attacked and despised.

Gordon was publicly beaten to send a message to all the slaves on how they should be obedient. So too, police brutality, using some as scapegoats, is a form of sending a signal to the public to be law abiding.

But the enforcement of civility through utter brutality and use of ultimate force only destroys the very foundation of peace and a civilized society. And the main reason why such destruction delays peace is because of the victims are for the most part the subordinate ones and are already despised by the society they helped to build over the centuries.

If human life/existence is worth it, then it is worth it even when it is weird, silent, angry, non-compliant, different. Let it be life unless there are evident and convincing facts that life is in imminent danger. However, this seems to be far from reach, as of now, because the business of insecurity is really profitable.

Commercialization of Insecurity

The story of all societies is always that of ‘us’ against ‘them’, a ‘fabricated right’ against an ‘unconfirmed wrong’, the ‘abiding and understanding us’ against the ‘lawless and ignorant’ they etc. In this pattern, natural fault lines occur which, even the unity of the State find it hard to bridge: ethnic fault lines, color, income, accent, language, and religion etc. Safety is sought by staying within one’s natural boundaries or succumb to other’s arbitrary schemes of elimination.

Between each group lies suspicion which creates insecurity, often exploited by public actors as a marketing tool to buy power, influence, sell more arms and make more laws in favor of a given interest group.

State officials function with the same mindsets and work hard sometimes to enforce these boundaries. The encounter with others is always based on suspicion, thereby breaking the principle of people being innocent before being found guilty. Such suspicions increase when the other is different: color, accent, weird actions. These alone are enough for an officer to pull the trigger, claim self-defense and be backed by his judges. In fact, the only threat that he faced was the fact that he was out of his comfort zone, meeting someone who is not like him, doesn’t talk and act like him, or his kind. For that reason, he is suspicious and a threat to life.

This state of affairs is profitable for society as well as its board members who enjoy status quo privileges, dread dialogue, and unity. The demagogy on unity is usually a façade to make a good name while putting in no effort to make change happen.

It is understandable to teach humans how to love and respect animals, plants, and other gadgets. But if humans have to be taught over thousands of years on how to respect fellow humans or for hundreds of years in a civilized society, then it appears someone is being played.

The Rule of Violence: or The Economy of Violence

Police brutality in America has always been addressed in many ways. To some, citizens must learn how to obey cops literally while to others, cops must limit the use of force and there must be some changes in laws. All these options are reasonable but they do not address the main issue of the crises: a despise for human life, of the other’s existence.

The glorification of the use of violence in the American society goes as far back as the origin of the nation. Our historical origin is known to sanctify violence used against other races. It would be naïve to believe that such a history is over. Police brutality is only part of the relics of a shameful past which refuse to completely shed and shred its old skin – racism.

And until this history of shame is addressed, seeing the other as a necessary life and not a transitory lingering figure whose existence depends on his ability to be perfect by the law, then we would have to argue for many more decades, if not centuries.



“Revolution is always verbose.”

Leon Trotsky

The Stockholm Syndrome – where the victim is led to sympathize with his captor, is a reality that appears to be more common than imagined. A syndrome, clinically, is a pathos where presumably the gavel of a political analyst should be irrelevant. But the current tensions in Cameroon unveil not just a social and political unrest, but also a psychological and psychiatric malaise at a national scale, where the appropriate diagnostic operator becomes a clinical practitioner vested to restore the once peaceful society into normality and sanity whose soul has been destroyed through lack of knowledge, love for suffering, passion for disorder, tolerance of mediocrity, and confusion.

In September 2016, the English-speaking part of Cameroon which constitutes about 20% of the total population expressed dissatisfaction with the way the central administration [Yaoundé] had been conducting changes in the region, from educational system, execution of the law to investment in infrastructure. This was expressed through protests and strike – like what should be expected in a young democracy where the listening faculty of leaders is either nonexistent or incapacitated.

Historically, the origin of this discontentment is as old as the days of independence in1960, when the British colonial territory was made a trustee territory of the United Nations. In 1961, during a plebiscite on 11th February 1961 on whether to join Nigeria or Cameroon, the English Cameroon opted to join the Republic of Cameroon, as a federal State, with its prime Minister John Njuh Foncha, in opposition to Nigerian which they deemed were demeaning, aggressive and violent. Northern Cameroon become part of Nigeria on 1st June, 1961 while southern Cameroon joined French Cameroon on October 1st of the same year.

 In 1991, the constitution was modified into a unified State. It stripped the English part from any control of its resources, government, and administration. It is believed that highly centralized governments in Africa are patterned on the French model to obey religiously  their European metropole – France. In line with this, the discovery of the Bakassi peninsula oil rich zone in early 80s – which caused years of tension between Cameroon and Nigeria, had been another reason why the Cameroon government, admittedly guided by France, pushed to a unitary State in order to keep firm control of the oil rich region: as they have always done with African resources in colonies where they have any influence.

 Culturally, the English-speaking region practices the common-law contrary to the region which practices French civil law. In a centralized administration marked by flagrant discrimination and nepotism, judges are appointed from the French zone who have little or no knowledge of the common law.  Their execution of the law contradicts the legal practice of the region and consequently puts lawyers in disarray. Educationally, Southern Cameroon cherishes its English heritage: its authors and academic approaches are contrary to the French Cameroon whose francocentric model had been fast declining over the years. And economically, the region suffers from complete neglect given it has no industrial infrastructure, one public university, Buea in 1992, recently Bamenda in 2012, and limited access to opportunities which are all concentrated in the capital, Yaoundé.

Besides the fact that Cameroon is a perfect example of a mismanaged country ranking 146/176, on a score of 26/100 according to Transparency International. It is fueled by tribalism, dictatorship, and systemic unequal distribution of resources in general. The level of such injustice varies from one region to another and of course, interpreted from different perspectives, is all caused by one problem – incompetent governance. In the case of Southern Cameroon, which is already marginalized and poorly constructed as all other parts of the nation, it equally suffers from cultural, legal, and educational castration from the Cameroon government. That is why the strike, generally misunderstood by Cameroonians of the East who are equally poor and discriminated against, has failed to gain any sympathy from those of that region.

 A strike must not be rational in nature but its control should be. The more rational a strike is, the less passionate the strike; not because it is devoid of passion but because rationality is predisposed to compromise and thus outweighs the passionate demand for absolute parity.

Starting with the lawyers who couldn’t take it anymore, October 2016, the teachers whose discontent had accelerated over the decades followed and combined with that of the public. The boycott of schools and administrative as well as business activities was operationalized as part of a common strategy. The solidarity of the citizens of this region met with lawyers and teachers in defense of common sense and commonwealth. They were challenged with unbridled violence or repression from the government. Indeed, the state’s main tool of dialogue so characteristic of a declining dictatorship and a threatened civil service workforce was the use of state police power.

Government controls all aspects of the media. Television. Radio. Newspapers. Censorship prohibits any media that criticizes the government. People are not allowed to protest and any that do are terrorized by secret police. People that oppose the government are arrested and sent to labor camps or killed.


The first reaction of the government was to send military personnel whose training should be put to question with regards to the way they treated their fellow citizens. In about 7 months, 6 people have been killed and not less than 800 detained without even reasonable suspicion being cited to justify their detention. And to add insult to injury, none of them were granted due process of law.

A few days into the strike, the military and BIR ‘Battalion d’Intervention Rapide or Rapid Intervention Squad’ were sent to the region. The first military known for its brutality and the latter known for its cruelty though both had one thing in common, ruthlessness. Their actions were characterized by complete suspension of constitutional rights. The BIR is known to have a more robust training. It stands as a paramilitary team and operates under direct control from of the presidency. In fact, it was created in 2001 as a special Unit to protect the president after a failed coup d’Etat on 7th April 1984.

Using the military as a first response mechanism only confirms what the revered political scientist, Mathias Eric Owana had described. He described the state as a military regime disguised in civilian clothing. Intimidation, negligence and cruelty against its own citizens are its primary characteristics. The rational and decision making element of the state and the police and gendarmeries have assumed indistinguishable roles. And over time what always happens is that the decision-making element of the state becomes a decaying institutional relic and the scares which crisscross the body of our nation. Now the rule of law officiates its own requiem. 

Political structures are known to dialectically oscillate between opposing class struggle. More precisely, Cameroon’s rulers constitute a phylum, i.e., a category above class whose are privileged, corrupt, cruel, deaf, blind, and un-empathetic and who stand firm on all institutional bodies to even better cripple the nation.

The phylum, constituted by its pontiff, Paul Biya and his stooges like Issa Tchiroma, communications minister, and Jacques Fame Ndongo, education minister, participate in creating the upper political class and the lower class. They are an inaccessible and unavailable in their opaque halls; an ironic contradiction to the nation that they are presumed to serve but only flush the air with meaningless pantomime.

Joseph Wirba, a parliamentarian from southern Cameroon, has expressed his concern to Jacques Fame Ndongo on the sibject.  His best response was: “What are you guys going to do?”  Issa Tchiroma, a former opposition leader turned apologist for the president after recapturing the post of communication minister said: “There is no place for federation or independence.” While Paul Atanga Nji, minister for special duties at the presidency had declared: “There is no systemic discrimination against Anglophones”.

Even though the president had been silent, governing through silence as he has always done in the past three decades, he had offered a pathetic 2 million dollars to private and confessional schools in the regions. Little hugs never work after many years of domestic violence. He shut down the internet on January-April 2017; he imprisoned lawyers like  Barista Fon, Dr. Nkongho Felix Falla Agbor (esq) and Dr. Fontem Neba, while many others fled for their lives. Then he failed a whole generation of youth when he mandated students to sit for the GCE test knowing that they had not attended classes during that school year.  All constitute the actions of a trap setter not a leader and benefactor of the people. And with his newly discovered vocabulary of terrorism, he has not failed to charge his own citizens of such crime while neglecting Boko Haram in the North.


In a country where poverty is at a 48% level (Human Development Index, 2011). Where a pregnant woman dies laboring in front of a hospital with no assistance. Where a reckless train collapses and kills 55 citizens, 300 injured in 2016 and no one is held accountable. Furthermore, where the president rules ad vitam and at present for 35 years. Where journalists are harassed and killed.  One would expect that if a given group goes on strike in order to request a better management of public affairs, that would sound like the most laudable act of courage to be praised. No, not in Cameroon.

In fact, Cameroonian citizens who accomodate French colonial policies are shocked, surprised and wonder “why do others complain?” As if they were about to say: “Look, this is a beautiful country, fair, loving, just with good leaders who care for your good. Why on earth would you revolt against them?”

Historically, this type of ignorance is not new. When the people of France revolted against king Louise XVI for unbearable living conditions, the queen, Marie Antionette, also known as Madame Deficit, was shocked why the people had to complain to her for bread: “They should eat cake” she answered. A response that led to her beheading in Oct. 16th, 1793. The only difference with France is that the French all knew that they were oppressed and daily mistreated. That is of course except for their queen perhaps for good reasons because she lived in great conditions. But the Cameroonian public suffers in general, yet they claim the same ignorance as that of the aforementioned queen.

With the current surprise of most Cameroonians, it is sad that one must explain why the living conditions are not favorable, why the opportunities are limited and why it is important to preserve the diversity of a country which takes pride in saying it is the miniature of Africa. It is a surprise that ministers as well as citizens all ask the same question: “why are the Anglophones complaining? But we all suffer, right?” Or the misconstrued idea that the main issue is that of language, or again pointing at the prime minister as an Anglophone to be a sign that English speaking citizens are treated well.  Another way of claiming as with the election of Barak Obama that his election proves racism has ended.

No doubt, the Stockholm syndrome seems to take effect here more inherently than one would imagine. After being accustomed to disgrace, dictatorship, perpetual rule, corruption, and nepotism, it has almost become normalized. The call for change or improvement becomes the real threat while those who have destroyed the country gain sympathy, love, compassion and protection from the people they’ve crushed over the years.

Progress within a social context with such a pervasive mindset is not only difficult but also highly unlikely. Maybe Cameroonians have not suffered enough to know that it is time to rise and challenge the status quo against all odds.


Whether we consciously acknowledge it or not, we are necessarily confronted everyday with certain unavoidable natural, economic, and political realities. For example, our need for food, for water, and for shelter; our need to be born healthy and into a family which provides us with a stable and structured material, emotional, and intellectual environment as well as our need to form meaningful relationships with those around us. Those conditions are all as natural as gravity. But barriers exist which challenge our ability to acquire those necessities. Some are natural and others are socially constructed. Our task is to overcome the ever present challenges to our existence.

A significant privation of any one of those conditions can retard our social development. If privations are severe enough, they can cause us to die prematurely before having ever had the opportunity to reach our highest stage of personal development. At its worst, significant social privations can dehumanize whole groups of people over time. We all want to avoid privation of the good things in life. We want what we think is good. But despite our best efforts we usually fall short at attaining what we believe to be good. That underscores another fact.

The fact is we are not always in conscious control of our situation. There are rational explanations for that fact but it is also because running parallel to what we consciously try to determine for ourselves are hidden irrational forces altering the designed outcome of our conscious choices. Those hidden irrational forces are like tiny metallic specks in the corners of a pair of dice making them roll off the course we design.

Inclosing the conscious sphere of our individual and collective lives is an even deeper natural reality. That reality is an unconscious yet very natural force. The unconscious is by weight a more powerful force than our rational efforts to design the best possible life for ourselves. That is so even though it’s awesome power is never fully discerned by us on our narrowly defined stage of personal drama.

Our personal drama blinds us to the existence of the unconscious forces moving us. Over a vast number of years, some of us may turn and look back, intuitively, if not visually. At that time, we experience a sweeping comprehension of the varied unconscious effects of the unseen on our lives, or the lives of those around us, and the very world we perceive. For as we examine our past at that time we may see with both hindsight and insight an altered landscape as well as an altered mindscape.

We comprehend them both reshaped around us as well as in us. We might then say: things have changed and are changing beyond my power to stop or control the incessant re-combinations and permutations of things around us. Yes, a face seen in a mirror at 20 years of age one day has a reality check and sees itself in the same mirror at 80 years of age and realizes it has been running a gauntlet of nuanced types of very physical opposition.

That unconscious force which loads the dice against us governs the ebb and flow of whole populations of creatures, big and small, across the globe. On land and under oceans, lakes, rivers, and streams. There are few remedies to its onslaught.

Darwin called it natural selection, adaptation, mutation, and gene flow. Here, there is no escaping it.  We live by and in natural selection and we are subjects to that all powerful process of change. That change extends to social selection by conflict and competition. 

With a broadened vision, some of us eventually come to comprehend that we are adrift and continually carried away as chemical film is carried on the surface of a body of water by deep and powerful undercurrents. To where in the world, we don’t know.

In time, maybe, some of us come to comprehend that we move with the ebb and flow of a great mass of human flesh. We can even feel it driving us through a wide biological undercurrent into ever shifting relational combinations.

We are tossed and turned in our lives by that unseen force. Our entering into and exiting varied personal drama is evidence of the unconscious as are the unpredictable outcomes which build up the social structures around our lives.

We know that there was no logical order to our coming to exist in the world; logical order was not nor could ever unravel the infinitely complex ever changing combination of things that bore us into a place to live out our lives. We are thrown about and where we land we are forced of necessity to just cope or if not, to die sooner than later.

We are in the world much more in the hand of blind chance than we are in the hand of conscious determination. We can be in such denial about our captivity. We blame ourselves for our captivity. Actually, we don’t have significant power. It is not always our mistakes that foil our best efforts to rise above the muck and mud, rather it is that unseen natural force which courses along its way against our own.  

But that makes conscious self-determination even more precious to us; for it is the most unique characteristic among all life forms on earth. The bouquet was thrown and we caught it; we have it. For it is conscious self-determination which can raise us above the absolute unpredictable roll of the unconscious and give to us a slice of reason coupled with action to buffer us against its shocks. Take for example reproduction. The reproduction of another human being is a free choice exercised by us to make another human creature or not.

The reproduction of offspring is contingent on many conditions.  Assuming those many conditions are adequately met, the reproduction of offspring is like spring water flowing down from a high mountain top. From that flowing spring water, entire communities draw as would a thirsty man or woman draw from a well on a hot summer day.

By it, a population, from a bird’s eye view, not spanning minutes, hours, and days but rather a view spanned over decades and centuries at a sweep would stand out as one living organism connected by a thread of DNA stretching back countless billions of years.

We would stand out literally as a transparent gooey chemical process among others in the atmosphere, but graced with a mysteriously endowed high intelligence. Intelligently, we can and do replenish ourselves and in so doing awaken at the dawn of every new generation a renewed people ready to struggle again.

But let’s assume the opposite. What if the many contingent conditions for biological reproduction are not adequately met? Under such conditions, what should we expect? 

What does science say? For science and the methodology of science is to our understanding what sensation is to our body. Zoological experts say that the fitness of any individual or population is measured by the number of its offspring that survive to sire their own offspring and through which its unique genetic codes and culture are passed through the unconscious undercurrent from one generation to the next.[1] What relevance does that have to descendants of slaves in California? My answer is that Descendants of Slaves have no meaningful place within any social sphere in the state of California. Let me tell you why that is my thesis.

No Demographic Growth for Descendants of Slaves

I recently read a study published by the California Department of Finance which predicts statistically that there will be a significant decline in the population of descendants of slaves in California. It predicted a full 2 percent drop, from 7.3 percent in 1980 to 5.3 percent by 2030.   Such population decline can be observed in every city and town in California. What we observe cannot be dismissed as being merely a statistical dip; it is a growing trend. 


The End of Marriage For Descendants of Slaves

Marriage rates for DOS are correlated with DOS demographic decline. There has been a consistent decline in the marriage rate among descendants of slaves generally.  Even among college educated DOS, the marriage rate is in free fall. The Brookings Institute reported a study which found that 60% of black college graduates have never married.[2]


In an article published by Scholars Strategy Network, Dawne Mauzon states: In 1960, 61% of blacks were married but by 2008 it was only 32%. Blacks also get divorced more often and remarry less frequently than whites.”[3]  What other factors are correlated with the marriage decline among DOS?

Mauzon hypothesizes, and I quote: “In part, the men are just not there in many black communities.” That is a social fact. It is normative for black adult males to be absent in black families. The chances are greater for that being the case than not. In California, 29% or 39, 451 of all black males are prison inmates.  

Furthermore, the Pew report revealed that DOS females have a narrowly defined preference list.[4] In short, most black women surveyed have high financial aspirations when it comes to choosing a mate.

No Marriage and Education Balance for Descendants of Slaves

The Pew Report went on to reveal that Black women prefer a well-educated black male. That preference exists although in California Black male enrollment at California State Universities is approximately 1.5 percent or 3,860 of the total student body of over 200,000 students. It is even worse at the California Universities where in the fall of 2016 at U.C. Berkeley there were only 393 black male freshmen of the 13,900 entering freshmen. At California Poly Technic State University San Luis Obispo, one of the most important engineering and architectural institutions in the nation, black males constitute less than 1 percent of the student body of 26,000 students. One must also keep in mind that a significant number of those are immigrant Africans or their descendants.

Thus, with a ratio of 1 African American Male for every 2 African American females at California State Universities, it is highly unlikely that the far more numerous females will match up with black males having equal educational credentials inside California.[5] That is a national pattern.

No Marriage and Financial Stability for Descendants of Slaves

Lastly, the Pew Research report revealed that 50% of black women surveyed want male financial stability as a precondition to marriage. That compared to only 25% of white women who wanted the same. This expectation is not what most black males can meet according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In California, 20% of descendants of slaves are at or below the poverty line; that is 1 out of every 5. Full employment for many is a thing of the past.

It was reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2015 that male descendants of slaves had an unemployment rate of 11% in the State of California.[6] That rate of DOS unemployment has become a constant since California lost between 30 and 40 percent of its manufacturing jobs over the course of the last three decades.

The California unemployment rate is twice as high as the national average. Black men are more likely to be in and out of employment more frequently than males of other ethnic groups. There are many reasons for that but suffice it to say that the reality of black male financial stability does not equate with what 50% of black females in that survey want.

Those black females who want men who are financially stable will generally not find them in the private sector either. The loss of black businesses will be an unintended consequence of a declining black population and or communities in California. So, if you are African American, don’t start your business in California unless you live in a densely-populated immigrant African community or have White and or Hispanic patronage. Generally, black businesses are suffering and withering away. There will be a dearth of financially viable black men from those job markets for black women who want to marry financially stable black men who own a  business.

Part of the reinforcement feedback loop will be a loss of black patronage for black businesses including banks. And there is no evidence to support a claim that white and Hispanic people will significantly patronize black businesses including the use of black professional services. A derivative effect of low or no financial stability in the DOS community is that in California they have no political power.

No Political Representation for Descendants of Slaves 

All citizens are urged to employ legislative representatives for remedy of their grievances in democratic societies. We are taught that the laws that govern us all will clearly reflect both our fears and hopes. We are taught the enforcement of those laws will recognize no class differences by state law enforcement agencies. We are taught that every citizen brought before our criminal courts are presumed innocent until proven guilty. We are taught that justice is blind and so not respecting the person hears only the facts.

We have virtually no representation in the State Legislature. As of 2016, only 10 state legislators are of African descent. That is a far less proportion than the proportion of DOS in California. No wonder our needs go unmet.[7]  Black politicians serve the interests of their doners. The interests of their doners is greater power for themselves not DOS.


If a community’s interests are defined in terms of power, meaning that their interests are reflected in the laws and policies of society and acted upon by its many agencies, then DOS have no political power in California. For the overwhelming magnitude of social and economic privations among DOS in the many cities where they are concentrated evidences a wide fault line in this Californian democracy. On one side of that fault line are Descendants of Slaves and on the other side is everyone else including black politicians who generally supported the NAFTA agreement signed into law under Bill Clinton in 1994.

DOS have been politically abandoned in California. Therefore, descendants of slaves do not participate the democratic process in California enough to qualify them as voice in state affairs. Descendants of slaves are institutionally powerless and perhaps more importantly, they cannot muster street power to make their voices heard. 

No Habitat for Descendants of Slaves

There is a zoological assumption at the foundation of my discussion. The truth is there is inadequate carrying capacity for most DOS in the state of California.   There is too much environmental resistance on all levels to DOS growth. There was a time when we were not here and there will be a time very soon when we will be here no longer. As a unique ethnic group in California, DOS are running out of habitat in California. Like any other animal, the loss of habitat spells doom.

The factors which I have identified along with many others including those of mental health, religious institutions, and political affiliation are also parts of reinforcing feedback loops causing DOS communities to spin irreversibly out of control. Though some individuals will live on in the state, generally there is no future for DOS as a community in the State of California.



[1] Quran: 76:2, 18:37, 23:13

[2] American Family Survey; Restricted to Women aged 25 to 35, cited from Brookings Institute: Race Gaps in Marriage Rates for College Graduates

[3] Dawne Mouzon, Rutgers University, Why Has Marriage Declined Among Black Americans, Rutgers University, 2013

[4] Pew Research Center, Survey, 2010

[5] Keep in mind that most college educated men marry down the socio-economic scale or are indifferent to a women’s education level.

[6] U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Unemployment Rates for Blacks by State, 2015

[7] California Research Bureau, California State Library

MORAL POWER, by Dr. Steven Nur Ahmed

How can our earth have such plenitude of life, clean water, and dense forests just 12,000 years ago, but now have become reduced to increasing scarcity of life, unclean water, and diminishing forests along with rising human misery after only a few hundred years? What is the cause or what is to blame? I think that history reveals a clear relation between the choices we make and planetary enhancement or degradation.

We cannot blame technology in and of itself because technologies of whatever kind are merely instruments of human creation and use. Technologies do not have a practical purpose independent of the design given to them by human beings. Technologies are only purposeful when guided by the hand of a human being.

The technologies which are designed, mass produced, and marketed by corporate power elites filter down to billions of people in global markets and into homes worldwide. Then, when used on a mass scale by people who do not understand the harm such technologies do, the harm done to earth grows to immeasurable depths.[1]

The mass use of a single technology like a cellular phone or automobile by billions of human beings on any given day is causing mass irreparable damage to the fabric of our moral lives and to life forms on earth. The fact is that moral depravity and earthly depravity are positively correlated.

The signs of global resource scarcity, environmental imbalance, and rise in human misery point to specific choices which some human beings have been making with cold indifference to other better alternative choices which could have been made by them.  Their choices are ‘moral choices’.  Moral action and its opposite called negligence are the context of all human relations.

Both the Bible and the Holy Quran make the same argument by means of an allegorical story.[2] The first human beings were made guardians of a Garden; imagine that the Garden symbolizes the Earth.  A guardian is a moral overseer. Their prime directive from God was to do no harm and break no promises.  After committing harm and breaking a promise, the first human beings were condemned to physical, emotional, and spiritual degeneration in perpetuity. It is called: the fall from grace. That allegorical story implies the necessity of making moral choices so that we can have healthy social and environemental relations.

In law school, I studied the law of Torts. I studied a branch of Tort called the Tort of Negligence.[3] The central proposition in the law of negligence is simple. It is that ‘every person has a duty of due care so as not to harm another’. When one breaches his or her duty of due care to other persons and harms them, they are defined by law as having been negligent.  They are defined as having breached ‘the social contract.’[4]

Before we act, we should always consider what behavior is the best behavior so that we reduce the chance we will do harm to another including all other animals. Undeniably, the law of Negligence is a moral principle. The law of Negligence is a civil law implicit in all criminal laws; it is a fundamental principle in all human groups. The fact that human groups exist at all makes moral principles self-evident.

When a person is presented with more than one choice of action in a circumstance, the question is: which option is the best choice out of several alternatives? There is always the best choice of action out of several options in every given circumstance.

Some scholars argue that human beings are fundamentally selfish.[5] But the best choice cannot simply be that choice which optimizes what is good or pleasurable for the person making the choice. That would be an act of irrational selfishness.[6] For what is good for one person or even several persons or even a whole nation may be disastrous for billions of other persons in the short and long run.

Evidence exist to support that claim. Look at the last several thousand years of what I call the ‘Empire Game’. The Empire Game has been and is now an unmitigated disaster for all humanity. The Empire Game has even assumed the title of ‘World History’ implying that all other facets of human history are less important than it.

But there is also what are called in law ‘acts of omission’. Sometimes, under some circumstances, even making no choice can be an act of negligence which causes harm to another. Therefore, the argument that ‘some choices are amoral’ meaning morally neutral is a false premise because individuals and groups always make choices they define as good or pleasurable for themselves. And those choices even if it is a choice not to choose any course of action always cause effects. Therefore, there is no such thing as an ‘amoral’ choice because all choices and even decisions not to choose have unintended consequences on other people and the earth.[7]

For that reason, the issue of moral power and its effect on human and other environmental relations is the central problem facing us today. It is a central problem facing descendants of slaves. If that problem is not solved quickly, there will be no hope for mass survival during this age of global dysfunction.[8]

The political, corporate, and religious power elite casts a very long shadow over billions of people on this earth of ours. At the end of the day, their shadows convert to social and spiritual privation for all those living in their shadow. In a sense their shadow blocks rational sunlight from reaching into the lives of many people. It makes us less able to live moral lives because it stresses us to be less cooperative and more irrational and conflictual in relation to our neighbors and earth.

For subordinate people, everywhere, the life of the power elite is the antithesis of the life lived by those in their shadow. The elite, whether they be political, religious, or business elites, live a life of wealth and intellectual supremacy at the biological, economic and social expense of all people subordinate to them. 

What can we do? Can we hypothetically get a grasp of the gravity of our social and economic problems? Let’s imagine some possibilities and follow them through to a conclusion. Let’s do a thought experiment.

Hypothetically speaking, if every descendant of slaves who is incarcerated in State, Federal, County, and City jails were released tomorrow; and

Hypothetically speaking, if every descendant of slaves who is released vowed to never commit another crime; and,

Hypothetically speaking, if no crimes were committed by descendants of slaves released from prison thereafter; and,

Hypothetically speaking, if all other descendants of slaves vowed that they would never break the law; and,

Hypothetically speaking, if all descendants of slaves in fact did not commit felonies ever again in the United States, then what would happen?

First, there would be an extra million and a half descendants of slaves living mainly in cities but also in small towns throughout the United States.

One million and a half more descendants of slaves would immediately add about 2% to the African American unemployment rate which already stands at about 16% or twice that of White unemployment.  That would make the unemployment rate for African Americans about 18%.   What can we compare an 18% unemployment rate to?  For that, we turn to the 20th century.

During the height of the 20th century’s great depression, the percentage of unemployed Americans was 25%. Thus, if there were a 2% rise in unemployment, descendants of slaves would experience an economic depression equivalent to the great depression wherever they lived in the United States in 2017.

Secondly, if no crimes were committed by descendants of slaves, the criminal justice system would collapse unless it seized upon another ethnic group to criminalize. Let’s assume the criminal justice system did not seize upon another ethnic victim. What would happen?

An unintended consequence of mass lawful behavior would be a second wave of unemployment adding to the 2% rise in black unemployment; but this time among whites. The ripple effect would expand far and wide into the economy. Share value in private for profit prisons stock would literally become worthless. Billions of dollars would be lost over night making wealthy white investors poor.

What would happen is that the “1,719 state prisons, 102 federal prisons, 942 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,283 local jails, and 79 Indian Country jails as well as in military prisons, immigration detention facilities, civil commitment centers, and prisons in the U.S. territories” would get significant Federal, State, County, and city budget cuts. That would include cutbacks in criminal courts with district attorneys, public defenders, police officers, and private criminal lawyers becoming unemployed along with everyone who works in the criminal justice system from administrators, correctional officers, to janitors. It would affect over 500, 000 individual employees and their families. In dollar terms, let’s say a cutback of about $85 billion dollars nationwide.  State, Federal governments would lose money because they would no longer have a justification for increased taxation of citizens to support the criminal justice system. Look at the graph below to get a bird’s eye view of the magnitude of economic dependence governments and corporations have on crime and the incarceration of descendants of slaves.

What would all those descendants of slaves choose to do under such circumstances? The economic characteristics of the United States are changing so fast that even the most educated Americans are continually having to retool their skills to keep up with technological change. How can under-educated ex-felon descendants of slaves be expected to do so?


Robots at the “Hannover Messe” trade fair in Hanover, Germany, April 2014[9].

The fact is that there would be no jobs for most of them aside from agricultural employment. The reasons that they would have nothing to do center around 1) their general lack of education. Here are the facts: “About 41% of inmates in the Nation’s State and Federal prisons and local jails in 1997 and 31% of probationers had not completed high school or its equivalent. In comparison, 18% of the general population age 18 or older had not finished the 12th grade.”[10] The educational characteristics of incarcerated descendants of slaves change at a glacial pace. The same educational characteristics hold true in 2017.

A second reason is that negative stigmata would be attached to them for having been incarcerated and simply for being ‘black’ in this white supremacist society.

Descendants of slaves have never been able to even minimally compete with the dominate white culture on any level. Some say ‘well what about sports’? I say to them that ‘No descendent of slaves owns a professional sport team in any league or sport.’ That holds true generally in the entertainment industry as well. Some others will argue, ‘well we can restart Black Wall Street such as the one which existed in Tulsa, Oklahoma in the 1920s.’ I say, “one cannot step twice into the same river.” Times, circumstances, and especially sentiments among Descendants of Slaves completely rule out that possibility. Some others will say: we can join a church or Masjid or Temple. I say that none of those American religious institutions will bite the hand which feeds them. They have become instruments of the banking system debt slavery and therefore of Wall Street.

Furthermore, that kind of change is not likely now because of ethnic integration and the rapidity of technological changes taking place. Add to that the increasing dysfunctional social life of most descendants of slaves particularly those million and a half individuals in our thought experiment now out of prisons and jails.  It leads to one conclusion. The only rational choice, the best choice, for descendants of slaves would be the choice to exercise moral power. Simply obey all laws. 

[1] Include under technology genetically modified organisms.

[2] Genesis Chapter 2, Torah; Holy Quran 2:30

[3] The Tort of Negligence literally means: the harm of negligence

[4] The Social Contract. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

[5] Charles Darwin, Origin of Species, 1849; Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene, 1976

[6] All human beings are intinctual or behaviorally unconsciously driven but we are also conscious and rational when fully developed. Moral decisions arise out of rational deliberation. Out of that kind of deliberation society is made possible. There is initially an imbalance in favor of instinct. But over time conscious rationality more or less increases.

[7] I once heard George Soros say that his decisions are ‘amoral’. Soros is in conscious denial or lying.

[8] William Vogt, Road to Survival; chapter 2, ‘Biotic Limits’, 1944

[9] Erik Brynjolfsson, Andrew McAfee, and Michael Spence July/August 2014

[10] Education and Correctional Populations, Bureau of Justice Statistics, by Caroline Wolf Harlow, Ph.D., 2003



The world is watching us as we move through this highway of history – with thoughts that we make the same errors of the past and stumble into doom. Vigilance, diligence and governance are the key, if we shall cross this highway safely into the promised land of greatness.
Ultimate Governance Code. [UGC]

At this convenient crossroads where the stakes are like jagged mountains, a diligent anticipation of the fate of our lives and that our people is not only necessary but an imperative.

Before I proceed, may you accept my warm regards from the cold part of the world where I presently reside in Oakland – not far from your beautiful daughter Brenda in Los Angeles with whom I believe our dialogue and collaboration shall be fruitful in constructing a brighter 4th generation Africa, and rightfully so.

The days of vain pettines and vile antagonisms have faded; they’ve proven to be  weaknesses and we must look at things through a new prism.

There are many reasons why this is the ideal time to face each other and confront the truth that lies before us and the world: how similar our paths have been, how determined we are and how we want a better place for our nation and the world.

We are both of modest parents who could afford only the minimul care for us; we both went to the seminary after which we were dismissed allegedly for accusations of misconduct – ushering a divorce from Mother Church (my superior told me).

We graciously admitted our fate and increased love for our new Mother – the State, for whom we shall make hard choices that will affect our lives considerably. So, while you went to France to study political science, I went to the Catholic University to study Public Policy where we each applied ourselves diligently with the hope of being better stakeholders in the building of our new found love with determination  especially since we never had the chance and would not have had the chance to do so in the former.

We both had resolutely admitted our fate and conceded to serve the Lord in the vineyards of politics while celebrating the holy sacrament of justice and hard work in the sanctuaries of the poor and the needy while using the new scriptures of the Constitution to strengthen our frailty and guide us along our chosen path.

More interestingly, even though the outcome of our choices have not been the same, the similarities still remain poignant.For instance, in 1982, you became the president of the republic of Cameroon, the same year I was born. Allegorically, we are age-mates; but things have turned out different from me, and perhaps in understanding the divide, you’ll be able to see clearly the situation that most Cameroonians of my age experience and what they wish for the nation they so much love.

At the age of 33, you were appointed director of cabinet of the Ministry of National Education in 1964 and at 34 you were Secretary General of the Ministry of National Education in 1965. There is no doubt that our tracks changed tremendously when we both left the university. While I was working at the Institute for Governance for Central Africa and assisting at the Catholic University after graduate studies, you had one of the highest appointments in government at a very young age which no other young person today can claim to have.

Being ambitious and devoted, you worked to gain the spotlight for being nominated as successor of our former president in November 1982. The vigor and optimism of your youth is no different from what many young people of my age exhibit. The main difference is opportunity; and it is on this note that I think we should reflect on what we want for our society and lives of our young people.
Justice: The foundation of opportunity “The only stable state is the one in which all men are equal before the law.” [Aristotle] Two things remain unchallenged in society: the difference of humans by virtue of their potentials and their inequality by reason of their circumstances.

Above these is consecrated the equality of man, and the reconciliation of these two poles using the term justice [what we had often preferred to call justics in opposition to misguided Greek translation and its semantic deficiency that distort the art of reason and fairness in social dynamics]. Difference and inequality naturally create insecurity, thereby imposing the necessity of the State as the arbiter of fairness as it assumes the role to legislate to increase security while ensuring that each person is not only safe but also happy – opportunity.

Cameroon, as you’ve often emphasized, is a State of law, and the characteristic of this attribute is threefold: fair treatment or respect of each citizen, respect for property as well as strangers and respect for the law. Rhetoric shall not save us at the point, and will only make your rule look like an abuse to the memory of history and reason if I fail to say things the way they are. 

Because opportunity nominally is a fluid concept that can take any form, we shall track it from its manifestations or outcome. While most Cameroonians like you had jobs immediately they graduated from University in the 60s, young people of my generation, most of the time with a master’s degree can’t find any job, and the brightest and hardworking ones are obliged to keep up with an underemployment estimated by others to be about 75%. As a result, there’s a consequent delay in marriage, low consumption, low productivity, low creativity, low public participation; a general malaise which creates lack of trust for oneself and in the government whose ultimate outcome will be corruption and informality as a means of survival.

But lack of opportunity is not the cause of lack of opportunity. It is caused by lack of justice whose absence is either through what we have done or through what we have failed to do. In both cases, you’ll agree with me that we have failed enormously.

For justice to be just, it must be characterized by its accessibility, affordability, accountability, reliability, sustainability, impartiality and adaptability.

A venerable friend and thinker had pointed out that even if justice is blind, it is not dumb, deaf and crippled. In Cameroon, justice has sight, and remains dumb, crippled and deaf.

In the seminary, we were both taught to forgive when something wrong is done. But in politics, wrong doings are sanctioned, and forgiven only when the designated punishment have been completed. But during your reign, citizens known for their corruption and indifference have been appointed to high office, none declaring their assets, and usually leaving office richer than their rightful allocations would permit.

By addressing the issue is justice, we can say that we have started building a nation. Citizens will develop love for creativity and innovation, while others will find it best to invest in our nation which will provide jobs for our people.
Justice is not simply an institution [judiciary] as commonly admitted. It is a structural value encrypted in the values of the daily lives of citizens. That is why the national Justice Platform must be instituted so that citizens from all parts of the nation can voice their concerns, and make necessary mobilizations for change wherever necessary.

Governance: The Excellence of Transparency

“There is no great nation without a dirty past; there is no small nation without a great future” [UGC]. But when the smallness of a nation ceases to be a transitory phase towards self-realization, it becomes a pathological situation that merits deliverance, not the type administered by the priest from the comfort of his altar but the type that arise from society through revolt and revolution. In fact, revolution becomes divine whenever stagnation or regression becomes the norm. Governance is the ultimate revolution.

Governance should not be an office, specific in its definition like we currently have in the prime minister’s residence. This only looks like an attempt to coat an environment which is not ready to incorporate such practices in its daily activities. Governance is not a structure but a structural value.

It is under your rule that Cameroon was rated the most corrupt nation in the world, in 1998 and 1999, a stigmata that remains on the nation till this day. What went wrong? There was a breach of contract; the State had been confiscated into the hands political charlatans who sub-contracted public service to our citizens desperate to improve their lives. With the lack of trust, corruption became the currency of exchange, and you did nothing till the whole world shamed us for our misery.

But again, the failure of governance is simply rooted in our misunderstanding of the State, which is easily privatized [including the Unity Palace] and authority becomes not the manifestation of the State’s availability but of an individual’s strength and merit, by extension, that of his tribe and people. This primitive logic, not far from what others call the religious state in opposition to the rational state, is in my opinion a catalyst in the criminalization of our institutions.

This misrepresentation, which you’ve participated in promoting over the years, letting citizens dance for you, praise you for being their savoir, and deifying you are some of the things which must be looked with contempt and resentment. Lack of governance, like the absence of justice creates poverty and as one thinker said: “Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.”

As you know, we must distinguish ourselves from the Church where everything revolves around the priest, his altar and his God. We had been on this path, and it embeds in its core asymbolic violence that rationality and time won’t redeem. The State revolves around the citizen: organically and materially, and the Constitution is used in defense of this ultimate value – citizenry. As such, in its operations, the State performs a customer service job to the consumer [citizens] who, like in all other businesses holds the primordial role of center of gravity of institutional endeavors.

Governance, being directly related to the creation of riches, should be implemented in all government contracts whose follow-up must be seen progressively from the time of its allocation, implementation and realization. Such a system has been initiated in Ghana and puts everyone on check.
In this light, the Transparency Fortress must be instituted in all bureau where facts and ideas are not only made transparent but also carefully scrutinized by the public and necessary updates made.

Sustainability: The Indispensability of Technology

“Politics is more difficult than physics.” [Einstein] In other words, technology is simple, but building people is hard. Therefore, while working on nation building, we must possess the finest of technological art.

There is no doubt that you had never prepared our android generation for this digital age, and believe that their recourse to the farms will solve the nation’s problems. Certainly, a good advice for the wrong reason and in an inappropriate age. Wrong reason because you want to transfer the blame of unemployment on the unwillingness of our youth to return to the farms when their peers in other parts of the world are building apps, phones, computers smart devices, investing in geo-engineering, exploring space or creating other sophisticated tools to govern the world including us.

Wrong age, obviously since we live in a post-modern era where agriculture must be accompanied not only by adequate technology but also with sufficient funds to meet both competitively as well as productivity in a context characterized by environmental degradation and imperial trade policies that cripple young farmers. Of course, your own pineapple farm in Mvomeka is run with the same standards like any of its European competitors, both in technology and funding: two things which you’ve strategically deprived from this generation.

‘Stingray’ is a rare technology which you recently purchased from the USA for huge sums of money to enable you track officials’/citizens’ conversations who ‘envy your throne’ or backbite against you. Interestingly, when most of them were arrested, they pleaded not guilty of the charges laid, but you knew that the main reason for their carceral state was because they had the pretentious desire to undo your reign – something which you aren’t ready to admit, as of now.
The presidentialization of technology and security, which apparently is important, remains a vice when invested for the promotion of the top in opposition to the base where most of our citizens exist. In fact, they don’t even exist, they struggle to survive. To exist is to thrive.

I decline to acknowledge the funds from your bureaucratic eleemosynary, whose impact has yield no fruits for over thirty years. No nation ever progresses through charity but through justice and investment. I refer precisely to the case of Arthur Zang who invented the cardiopad used to detect remote cardiac heart risk problems in distant villages. You awaited him 20 million FCFA but no one knows where this funds came from. Since the institutions designed to administer to excellence have failed, you intervene not to correct them but to confirm that you are chief scientist, attributing rewards to exemplary ones while letting institutions fail.

Sustainability, though comprising more of human value, is becoming more and more an indispensable tool in shaping means adaptability to modern society, and defines ultimate his progress or extinction. On this note, the wretchedness of the nation’s technological backwardness is not only frightful, shameful but dangerous. This technological labyrinth, as you know is confirmed by our inability to build our own bridges, take hold of our energy supply, water or construct mega-infrastructure etc. Being aware of this vacuum you had constantly invited the Chinese or French to assume the role of building major projects in the nation: the solar panel at your compound, the multi-purpose stadium in Yaounde, the Lum-pangar dam etc.

Technology is not an option in modern society, it is the nature of society itself. The android generation, which has not deliberately made this choice, has showed its willingness to adapt with the hope that its leaders will make the right option of investing in what really matters.

The victories of technology are greater than its vices. Instilling form in society is possible not only through the enforcement of law but through the creation of adaptable technology which will govern not only markets, education, regulate society but above all control public administration while increasing productivity in each case.

Admittedly, we must always ask ourselves how a small country like North Korea, under embargo could thrive technologically, creating computers and mobiles phones, while a ‘free country’ like Cameroon remains unable to build its own bridges, dams or other public infrastructure. We wonder why children in China and Japan are able to create smart technological devices while a whole sovereign nation needs foreigners to manage its electricity. It is legitimate to question why young men in the Middle East can fabricate grenades while our military sometimes can’t use the weapons they’ve bought from foreigners.

We must not be absent from the post-modern world, which is invariably governed by technology. That is why it must be considered a state of emergency to institute the Quantum Fortress designed for the replication of the most vital technological feats of our age, that will be applied progressively in matters of health, military, infrastructure and agriculture.

With the Quantum Fortress, we can revolutionize the nation, by teaching hard core technology to our kids in their early age, while enforcing excellence to those who are already in institutions of higher learning. This is easy. It takes just a change of mentality. We can create the next google, Facebook, Amazon and LinkedIn in Africa.

Even though you’ve failed to do this in the past 33 years, I think that it is right for you to catch up with this vacuum by implementing this project which is necessary for the survival of the nation. And of course, the rationalization of our society would be impossible without these rational tools which all other nations have greatly employed to their advantage.
Order: The primacy social plannification

In order for our people not to repeat the fate of Sisyphus – which had seemingly been the case for the past 400 years, I beseech you, to consider this of sovereign importance. Although the primary contract of the State with its citizens attributed it with the role of providing security and control – depending on the circumstances, it must be underlined that such control and security can be made possible only when there is order in the society through a judicious social, structural and infrastructural planning.

As you know, citizens from all over the world, can buy and sell from the new platform call Amazon because they’ve clear addresses in well-defined societies where each person can be traced carefully to his/her residence. But in sub-Saharan Africa and Cameroon in particular, no one can buy and sell through amazon. This shows we are cut off from the world and how our opportunities are limited. Although you appear to be right by inviting the young people to develop love for agriculture, you forgot to underline that they’ll need to sell these goods in an open market where you had already made partnerships [accord de Cotonou] for others to sell their good in Cameroon at cheap rates thereby threatening the survival of local initiatives.

But if we can’t identify our citizens numerically, we can we identify them socially and structurally. This idea, which I know shall be a case of objection in its preliminary proposition, constitute a vital instrument of governance – rationalization. In some parts of the world, it is called a social security number, encrypted in the vertebral column of the State, where each citizen can be tracked in all its activities using just one specific number. This would limit forgery, double identity, corruption, informality and the endless confusion that we always encounter with regards to when a person died, when a given certificate was issues or when s/he applied for a specific government benefit.

This may take time. And if we don’t achieve this, we leave the next generation with the burden to think about their own problems as well as providing solutions for the problems that we have created during our time. We must not seek to attain development in our own way. It is a futile initiative to think that we can do things using our ways which have often failed us while expecting to get great results.

The rationalization of citizenry, and the plannification of society have a psychological impact on the configuration of brain processes of our citizens. In order words, through this induction process, we believe that order in society plumbs unto the way individual conceive reality and shapes their thinking thereof. In a disordered society, the mind wanders, often aimlessly in its quest for form and meaning; while in an orderly one, the mind sees form and order from which it derives inspiration to create more order, riches, wealth and greatness derived from his environment.

Because public administration is the vertebral column of society, it follows that its rationalization and excellence in operations must never be compromised in any case. Withoutthis, we work in vain. But rationalization comprises the ability to embrace the digital era fully, where all public records, files and information are saved electronically, where citizens can contact their public providers using quick and effective modern communication means directed by appropriate technology. In this logic, its interoperabilty thereof shall be indispensable as control, spending and time will all be maximized.

Personally, I don’t know the address of the presidency, it doesn’t appear anywhere, and most public institutions still remain in the pre-colonial logic where files are kept hidden in from the public in archives that need special acrobatic skills to determine their location.

Your failure in this domain has no appeal. Your only recourse is to institute the Order Tribune which in every sector will ensure that the highest standards of plannification and order or established while making sure that they be sustainable; for we can’t continue in this vicious cycle of doing and undoing every day, every year endlessly.

Business: The Imminence of Cooperation

Roosevelt had often complained about his British counterparts for their trickery irrespective of the fact that they were allies. During the time of Churchill, he made this declaration: the problem with the British is that when you make a deal with them they always end up with 80% and you’ll be left with 20%. The Americans had long ago discovered that the greatest cruelty is that of cooperation, disguised under diplomatic etiquette.

A Japanese diplomat had mentioned on our national television almost a decade ago that: “we have no resources in Japan. The only thing we’ve is our brains.” In other words, he was indirectly saying that we don’t have brains even though we got the resources. We must reflect on this! And if this can’t make you mourn, then we have understood nothing about past, present and future.

Now, back to Roosevelt, if the British could treat the Americans in that way, as the great State’s man had declared, how do you think they’ll treat us? Let common sense decide.

One of our top civil servants, a professor of honorable standing had mentioned the abject state of our cooperation capabilities which had led some plenipotentiary members to even leave the country due to shame. This seems to be a general trait which commands insistence. It is in this light, that I had mentioned in the Governance Code that cooperation is synonymous to war with the ultimate objective to conquer, destroy while keeping in mind that the opponent has

It is in this light, that I had mentioned in the Governance Code that cooperation is synonymous to war with the ultimate objective to conquer, destroy while keeping in mind that the opponent hassimilar motives, with the only difference that he is crueler and has even dangerous weapons at his disposal.

Not even the UNO, whose cruelty [Cote d’Ivoire, Libya, RD Congo or Rwanda] everyone knows can be trusted. They all participate in the structural fortress of what I call the trans-Atlantic Empire, what others call NATO. The court of Hague is simply an outshoot of this empire which persecute those who don’t pay allegiance to the center while defending corrupt and deadly stooges.

Even in its most polite form, diplomacy is always a violent game. The case of China is worth mentioning. In its cooperation with Africa countries, it uses the slogan of South-South Cooperation. But when it cooperates with the North, it considers them too as equals with high standards and expects to be considered as such.

Taking the example of Libya, in 2011, there were about 30.000 Chinese in the country with an investment of almost 100 billion US dollars. But China refused to vote against the no-fly zone. It remained neutral which in diplomacy simply means it stood against Libya and sided with America. Russia did the same. The reason is clear: we can trade, but we choose to remain with the Northerners even in their violence against others, since we have a greater market there.

Let’s make this brief, dear friend of old. While Arab nations of the Middle East have succeeded to establish an Eldorado for their people with the resources they have, our citizens continue to suffer despite the immense potentials of our country. I must concur with a source which demonstrated that Cameroon has the most diverse resources in the whole of Africa, yet remains one of the poorest with lamentable state of infrastructure and governance indicators. We can do better than this. But there is a trick in these cooperation which, thanks to a venerable expert and imminent economist, I we have some points why some projects never get off the ground.

Hold your breath, president and friend, some of these companies of the West win bids for the exploitation of resources not to exploit them! But to keep hold of them so that others won’t get it. Extraction projects in China takes just a few years. In Cameroon and Africa, they take at least a decade. This is deliberate. The same company that is extracting Cobalt from Zambia will win a contract in Cameroon, but won’t extract it because it doesn’t want to compete with itself. And doesn’t want to let it go to others. All delaying schemes will be devised while the country

And doesn’t want to let it go to others. All delaying schemes will be devised while the countryremains poor and desperate, waiting for partners to make the right steps. After a decade or so, the value of cobalt will be reduced or worth nothing.

That is exactly what is happening with oil right now.
The advent of Chinese in competing for public contracts has modified the game but much hasn’t changed. As demonstrated above, the Chinese sometimes work with the West to better exploit us. The French win extracting rights, give it to the Chinese to build or wait for the Chinese companies to make a command from their industries before production begins. While owning the resources, we become the by-stander.

After slavery, most of the plantations were transferred to Africa, Cameroon included, so that we could become a plantation economy and plantation nations. After that, extractive investments followed [oil, minerals et timber etc.], and now with alcohol and tobacco companies. While these dangerous investment avenues spread all over Africa, technology and refining investments are transferred to Asia [China, India, Philippines]. Investments, from a global perspective is not a charity concert where anyone gets anything, even though we know there is a manifested scheme to keep some people in plantation economy characterized by consumption of dangerous substances [alcohol and tobacco].

But it is up to us to prove that we have educated people in these fields that would attract such high skilled investments in all domains. And most especially, be able to create similar companies with high skilled technologies. A cooperation that does not lead to evident transfer of technology is a danger to the nation.

Coffee and chocolate are some of the points which I should mention. While in France and in Switzerland where you often visit, you’ll discover that all the coffee bags have labels from other countries but none from African countries but we produce them. This criminal international scheme can only be put to an end when we decide to refine our own products or refuse to produce them. These are our two choices.

We had been in permanent siege for a long time, and you’ve not made things better in any way. It is for this reason that the creation of the Cooperation Fortress is indispensable in determining that state of our business relations with other nations, companies and individuals.

Knowledge: The Sanctity of Education

There is a misguided opinion from our nation as well as from international organization about education as a human right. In fact, it is due to this erroneous view that you decided to make primary schools free of tuition while pledging to lower the cost for secondary education. This misconception gave you the impression that you’ve accomplished your objectives by opening the doors of education to the children of our land.

As I mentioned in the Ultimate knowledge Code, what constitute a human right is knowledge, not education per se. What therefore is the difference?
While the first refers to a set of information transmitted from one person to another, the second refers to the transfer of potentials from one person to another which empowers and enables the receiver to excel in innovation, creativity and definitely productivity.

As you can see, dear friend, our schools are not different from concert grounds where the display of information is exhibited at various heights. In some cases, they’re like touristic sites where young people to go delectate their vision on the site of one another, or more correctly, in some cases, they’re simply mortuaries where the energetic brains of our youth are put to sleep with anesthetic theoretical information that bears no practical value in their lives. This characterization is particular to our State universities which have never featured among the best in Africa, regrettably.

Dr. Bernard Fonlon, one of our former ministers of health, who was appointed by president Amadou Ahidjo, had indicated three things that characterize a university: a library, research center and a press. The first serves as a reservoir for information, the second for the production of knowledge while the third for the exposition of knowledge. As you can notice, he never mentioned classrooms and amphitheaters, which is the main characteristic of our institutions of higher learning. You cannot claim to be ignorant of this nor say it is not your responsibility. It is the life of our nation at stake!

Taking the case of Yaounde I and II where I visited a couple of times, it could easily be noticed that most of the books are old and pages are missing from the most useful ones. The biggest mistake from the library in Yaounde I is that that the good books, new and updated are in the third floor mainly for doctoral students and professors. Lo, we are not in a cast system in Cameroon or in an academic Jim Crow. 

This is a grave pedagogic miscarriage because our young people, who are being initiated into the institution of higher learning must have access tothe finest information that will enable them to change their lives as well as that of the nation. Granted, some of these young people have been responsible for tearing our pages from books which are meant for the use of everyone, regrettably. But it is the role of the university to put security measures, security cameras to make sure that these evil acts don’t occur. We must not starve our young people from knowledge when we know that they have minimum financial resources to buy books and keep up with the high cost of living in the city – if we can call it so.

On our laboratories, we should know that the strength of a nation of a function of its research centers. While most researchers prefer to create their private laboratories, Pr. Victor Anomah, our laboratories are not yet designed for the production of knowledge. They are still grounds to illustrate what was done. Of course, the future of our nation depends of what we decide to do with our laboratories and researchers. I had already mentioned on the paragraph of technology, that a Quantum Fortress is a matter of urgency, bringing together the brightest minds in each domain for the production of knowledge that will lift the nation to its rightful and honorable state. It is with the results of their productions that our products shall have some value, and constitute a point of reference for the younger generation.

The academic allegiance to France in terms of publications, education and reference is something of old, and must be by-passed through the implementation of this project.

In our younger years, we both believed that someone was the way, the truth and the life. But in nation building, Knowledge is the way, the truth and the life. And we must agree with Plato who said “ignorance is the root of all evil” contrary to what we had preached using the scriptures.

Whatever you decide to do with the power that you have, you must keep in mind that the fate of our young people cannot be compromised through mediocrity of its educational system. My friends who lecture in these universities as well as those doing their doctoral programs have confided to me that the situation is shameful and must be declared a state of emergency. But I must not precipitate my call to this, because it refers to a general malaise which I must complete its elucidation.

The institution of the Knowledge Vault is therefore matter of primary importance, where research is done not necessarily to invent [a lot has already been invented] but simply to replicate and produce. Here, our brightest sons and daughters shall be invited to reside and serve.

Autonomy: The of Greatness of Sovereignty

Three things have always characterized sovereignty, the compromise of which jeopardize the welfare of the State and the wellbeing of its citizens: military, law and banks. In other words, guns, order and money. When the exercise of these three elements cross boundaries, the nation ceases to be a State like all others but becomes an empire; and when a nation lives under the influence of the army, law or money of another nation, it ceases to be one, but becomes a colony.
It becomes apparent, that sovereignty is not a judicio-political myth, theoretically erected into law, it is a strategic fortress defended by corporate capabilities and protected by the law.

As you can remember, even though France had been an independent republic since 1789, it is only in February 1960 that General de Gualle declared that France has now become an independent State. This is when it officially announced that they had acquired a nuclear weapon. Without the ultimate weapon, no nation can claim to be really sovereign, regrettably. Some naïve pundits of liberalism and democracy had defended the idea of power and greatness without a nuclear weapon.

Like children who believe that they are big because they have the height of their parents, this child-like reflexions are only characteristic of thinkers whose frail minds have understand nothing about realism and thymos. Remember that Charles de Gualle had refused military aid from John Kennedy when the latter wanted to grant him Polaris missiles. De Gualle wanted only one thing: the nuclear weapon. When the nuclear cooperation was concluded, he handed the project to Jacques Mitterrand, who will later become the president of France in 1969 to intimidate other nations with his newly acquired weapon.

With the recent circulation of tension in North East Nigeria which has sustained some casualties in Cameroon, you had called France for help and recently Obama sent some technical military advisers to assist in the fight against this threat. I had noted in a verbal conversation, that the presence of foreign military in another country inevitably jeopardizes sovereignty but also shall incite these agents of evil to become even more inventive in their attacks against civilians.

Regrettably, it is exactly what is happening now, and there is no evidence that the foreign assistance had actually been of help. In fact, the greatest help that you can receive, like de Gualle, is to get a transfer of competence that will enable you develop the same capabilities that would fight this vice to its core.

Of course, when agents from the Atomic Agency landed in Cameroon, they made you understand the benefits of signing a non-proliferation treaty, which they could not oblige their own allies to do so. This was a strategic blow, which I think you must apologize to our generation. My concern is simple: what is your interest and that of the nation in signing a non-proliferation treaty when our military cannot produce a Kalashnikov? The Geneva convention on War which I also call “the legalization of war – according to our terms” participate in this complex role of defining structural means of instituting imbalance end violence.

The creation of laws is an attribute of sovereignty which the nation has always done it’s best to uphold. But it has been timid in a number of ways: pressure from the IMF to accept structural adjustment programs – on the terms of the IMF, which proved to be detrimental to the economy and the nation, pressure to accept the ACP cooperation. But the instances where we ourselves have abused our own sovereignty through unscrupulous manipulation of the constitution is even more dangerous. In fact, as much as you had been a victim in undermining the sovereignty of the nation, you had also been a perpetrator of this vice thereby weakening the rule of law, which in the eyes of citizens give them the right to tailor laws to their interests and modify, distort or adjust them as they see fit.

As mentioned already, the State is a corporate organ with sovereign rights, mandated to legislate on public interest. Money is the means by which this is done. The use of the FCFA is a violation of this basic principle of sovereignty, which after 50 years of government you should have known that it is detrimental and made the appropriate steps in changing the situation.

From the aforementioned facts, it appears that Cameroon is a colony and not an independent State as you had made us to believe. Granted, this may need more strategic resources than common sense would suggest. But it is possible!

The Central Bank must regain its fundamental rights, while currents deposits in France must find its way back to BEAC. As indispensable stakeholders in nation-building, we request that our nation must be in control of all our investments.
On this note, the creation of the Sovereign Office should be considered imminent and implemented with the duty to investigate and promote all areas in which the sovereignty of the state is being endangered and how it can be protected, promoted and defended.

Diversity: The Pride of Ethnicities

The opening proposition in the preamble of our Constitution rightly states: “Proud of our linguistic and cultural diversity, an enriching feature of our national identity…” The inscription of diversity as a feature our identity is consecrated by our laws, although sometimes derelict. Diversity defines our essence and no prolixity of this subject should be deemed legitimate, but the neglect of this fact would only demonstrate another naïve perception on what constitute the fiber of our existence. The subsequent proposition makes even clearer the role of this diversity: “we constitute one and the same Nation, bound by the, same destiny, and assert our firm, determination to build the Cameroonian Fatherland on the basis of the ideals of fraternity, justice and progress.”

I acknowledge the degree fixing quotas in public administration, which recently had been a contentious issue in the School of International Relations IRIC, but we know that this is just the tip of an iceberg of the many irregularities that plague the application of law in the nation. There are reasons for this irregularities.
As the commander-in-chief, you’ve never hesitated to make appointments with particular preference to those from the south/center, whose kleptocratic and gerontocratic rule have contributed in undermining the rule of law and the State as a result. Having survived an assassination attempt in 1984, you had thought that those who hold your interest will be those of the south.

Again, the interest of the nation is more important than the interest of the president, regrettably. Your perpetual rule, I must insist has contributed in the institutionalization of tribal governance [or tribalization of institutional governance] while the rest of the nation recloses in proclivity of their enclaves. Although democracy must not be considered a tribal ngangi where

Although democracy must not be considered a tribal ngangi whereeach person takes turn necessarily, it must not be a tribal oligarchy either with dubious alliances of greedy power brokers. I agree with Achille Mbembe, a fellow citizen in self-exile of laudable intellect, that the fight for democracy befalls on us as citizens and we must be ready to pay the price. But again, a greater responsibility lies on those who control the wheels of the nation to make diligent decisions for the progress of the State and its citizens.

We have seen our lowest ebbs, and in the depths thereof one thing remains characteristic: our ability to exploit our differences for the disadvantage of one another. Slave trade, colonization, neo-colonization, and corruption are symptoms of the instrumentalization of diversity.
While we have never known violent tribal and religious confrontations, the threats remain, as can betray itself anytime.

I admit that nation-building is a process that takes time, but I also must underline that it must not take forever. With about 250 tribes, it takes great ingenuity to govern this diversity and establish a peaceful cohabitation.
As a result, the creation of a Diversity Law must be implemented to make sure that citizens from other cultural obedience feel protected by the law.
Democracy: the cradle of modern day nationhood “He who modifies the Law in the name of democracy kills the law and as well as democracy.” [UGC]

Democracy is a means and not an end. But it is regrettably for this reason that most intellectuals of Cameroon stripped themselves from all integrity by violating the sanctity of objectivity and common sense in remaining silent or justifying the modification of the constitution of 2008. What is worse, legislators, invested to represent the base (the people), resolutely represented either themselves or the top (the president). When everyone represents you, who will represent us? This concern lies at the heart of how we define the State.

We both agree, following historical and theoretical conformity, that the State belongs to the people (demos) while at the same time conceding their rights to the former under for the protection of all (republic). It is the old commerce of liberty and freedom traded in favor of

It is the old commerce of liberty and freedom traded in favor ofsecurity. This commerce, a social contract, it must be underlined, is not exclusive in its definition nor in its realization, and more specifically does not follow strictly the rules of supply and demand – security does not become cheap because there is abundant freedom. On the contrary, one is a factor of the other.
In this light, the republican State cannot be said to preempt the demos State in any case.

More practically, it is against the rule of law – and the welfare of the State to beseech the legislature to bow to the executive in favor of republican imperatives against demos necessities. This linear equation – demos vs republican, remains a constant in modern societies. As you know, you root for republican values under the pretext of the demos, a malevolent scheme which mobilized the public – allegedly, to send motions of support in favor of your stay in power ad vitam.

Perhaps you’ll want to question how the presence of one person can change the dynamic of a whole nation. To this, we shall refer to similar cases: Moa, Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore, Lula da Silva of brazil, or their contraries like Hitler, Stalin, Idriss Deby of Chad or Idi Amin of former Uganda. Structural edifice and coherence are more important than infrastructural. Therefore, you cannot anticipate the requiem of the State before of a few infrastructural projects as the pathetic prime minister declared shamelessly. In fact, the longevity in power as a pretext of accomplishing some infrastructural goals is only symptomatic of a State that has failed to be a State: continuity, progress, integrity and gratuity.

The scheme maneuvered in 2008 worked and you were able to modify the constitution and defy the State – the people. This time, some sycophantic epigones not only call on you to become be their president but to organize early elections so that you can achieve your development goals. Like helpless children fearful to see the death of their father, crave that he lives forever even when they see him at an advanced age, laden with sickness, tiredness and helplessness.

Being shameless to assume their responsibility as adults, they lay back and send emotionless motions of support for your stay in power and the anticipation of elections. There is no doubt that perpetual rule, characterized by scarcity and terror has had a serious mental toll on the population, including the intellectual and political elite who now seem to be deprived to common sense and objectivity. Like a psychotic ignorant of his own malaise, these leaders openly betray to the world their immaturity and the misery of their choices. This illustrates more

This illustrates moreclearly the importance of a socio-therapy to be administered even though in this case, only the sick can properly heal themselves.
In the World Governance Board, we decided to classify/rate the merits and performance of heads of States and send publish the results to the world. The preliminary analysis of this project brings forth a blink and blurred image of your rule comparable to those of the fallen States of Somalia, Syria and Burundi.

Because you’re running out of time to emulate the good examples of Mandela, Abdoulaye Wade or Goodluck Jonathan, your palliative move will be to ensure a peaceful transition as you retreat giving way for a new era of public administration in Cameroon. Our people should not live in a democratic caliphate of gerontocratic obedience.

The Democracy Office, therefore must be put in place to ensure that values of respect, change of regime are kept sacred and applied diligently in all elective offices. 

Foreign Affairs: on International Considerations

“I fear the Greeks, especially when they bring gifts.” [Temeo Danaos et donas ferentes] Virgil had said in Aeneid, II, 49.

The West, with whom we have had a long genealogy of contact, has a history which is based principally on the domination of one theory over another, one society over another or one religion over the other: implicit or explicit violence, I must admit regrettably. Based on the notion of dialectics, we can trace this to the days of Sophocles when he crafted the myth of Oedipus, where the son finally killed the father, married the mother. Later, Plato with the idea of conquering the body using the illumination of the mind; Marx, with the proletariat overthrowing the bourgeoisie; or capitalism where the freedom and equality are preached in order to make others unfree and unequal; but also modern day quantum physics whose finest definition of the real ends with the principle of uncertainty [Heisenberg] or incertitude to be more specific.

This eternal opposition of forces is just one of a kind in the academic milieu, which socially had been characterized by class division, religious segregation, racial criminality and cast stigmatization. Over the ages depending on location, each of these have been implemented to various degrees with different levels of realizations.

It all makes sense when we remember that one of the founders of Europe, Attila the Hun, of Germanic descent has a famous expression which seems to leave its trace in modern nations of the West: “All horns serve a useful purpose to do evil,”

It all makes sense when we remember that one of the founders of Europe, Attila the Hun, of Germanic descent has a famous expression which seems to leave its trace in modern nations of the West: “All horns serve a useful purpose to do evil,”and “trample the weak, hurdle the dead.” Evidently, doing evil, as you admittedly can see, is part of a useful purpose, following the western logic.

Today’s scenario of Libya, cote d’Ivoire, Rwanda, Congo, South Africa are just a few examples to illustrate how the propagation of evil is marketed as a salvatory mission that is good and useful. From its cruelest manifestations to its loftiest diplomatic forms, the objective is always the same: conquer and subdue.

Dear colleague of old and president of the nation, it is in this logic, that relations with other nations must be seen, all, and most particularly the west with whom a history of cruelty, intimidation, violence, injustice, and spite have been almost normalized, leaving a scar in the historic memory of our people.

I concur that you are not naïve about all these, but it shall be of great negligence not to insist on what I consider a case of sovereign importance.
We had already mentioned in the Governance Code that there is no International Organization in the world. All, with the exception of none are structures created by a nation or a few nations to defend their interests – directly or indirectly. What becomes of others? A tiny filament, at the extremity of the imperium whose sole purpose is to provide brut labor, resources till they exhaust themselves to extinction.

On this note, our diplomats have a special role to play. We can’t afford to be losers all the time. We stand a unique special of benefiting of all the great things that the world offers, but we must change how we position ourselves with regard to the world. We can’t save hide money in Swiss banks, make corrupt deals, maintain our people under suppression while expecting to be respected in the world.

International prescience is determined by internal governance and economic power but by the type of speech we make at the UNO or what class of flight we take. It is by relying on our own institutions and creating our own flights.
As a consequence, the creation of the International Fortress is of prime importance in making sure that our standing in the internal scene meets the standard and dignity of humans.

Enemies: The Fortress of Solidarity

“A nation can be destroyed either from inside – weakening its laws, or from outside by strengthening its dependence” [UKC].

Open Societies and its enemies of venerable Popper demonstrated how societies [West] which respect the law turn to be open, thereby being weakened by their tolerance for the intolerant. But such societies always thrive, for, with the rampart of the law, they thwart the intolerant without necessarily being intolerant.

Cameroon, like most countries of the South is open technically open but semantically closed. The first by virtue of unenforced laws, porous boundaries, defenseless diplomacy, offensive vulnerability, etc. while the second by reason of the reclose nature of our traditions, ethnic proclivity, archaic procedural governance, gender biases and ultimately a governance mediocrity marked by technological bankruptcy, optional public accountability and the contentment of minimal bottom-line.

Therefore, while Open Society is elaborated in opposition to its enemies, we in the closed societies become our own enemies. Or, closed using the wrong postulate.

It follows that our concern here is how to strengthen our laws in such a way that it constitutes but our defense and our offense at the same time. As you can remember, we had pledged in our younger age to be enlightened by the Constitution and not to enlighten it. But you had spitefully decided that you shall enlighten the Constitution instead of letting it enlighten you. This has led to your successive modification of the constitution in 1992 and 2008 in order to enable you clench your fists to the realms of power even when the metacarpals thereof are getting weaker and uncertainty gets stronger while the nation plunders into political and economic stalemate. This is a blow to the rule of law, and the honorability of history.

The downward spiral of a wavering administration only reveals more clearly the face of the real enemy. Yes, “we have met the enemy, and he is us” [Walt Kelly]. How did we become our own enemies?

The first culprit for this rule of flaw is the perpetual ruler whose pontifical governance has made the State to look more like a modern democratic caliphate: one people submissive under Biya Mvondo. The im-personification of the law alienates the person from the law, while manipulation of the law only manipulates the citizens who obey it.

“We are the enemy,” when leaders fail to represent the people but represent either the head of central principality, themselves or their comprador hierarchies. We citizens, we failed because we listened to these demagogies, designed to keep us in slumber even when our leaders enjoy the comfort of their palaces. We failed because we had participated in breaking laws, paying bribes, seeking the easy and investing less in creativity, innovation and hard work. We failed the State, which counted on us to hold our leaders accountable, charge them and judge them on the tribunal of history. We failed because we praised them in their wrong doings, devising irrational logics with the hope that we shall get dividends of their eleemosynary. We failed because we had imitated the wrong examples [drinking, smoking and informality] but leaving aside technology, arts, inventions and ingenious writings.

We do not want to continue on the erring path that leads inevitably to perdition. That’s why we are resolved, not only to invest in hard work and creativity, but above all in honesty and governance. We refuse to leave to our children this heritage of disgrace and shame which none of us will be proud to narrate to the next generation. We refuse to let our children suffer, enter into this vicious cycle of complicity and indifference in the face of irrationality, division, greed, laziness and pyre.

But like all processes of nation building, each person must admit it’s fault and rebounds on a fresh start, hopefully starting with the commander-in-chief. I know you and other lazy thinkers would object that we can still make progress while keeping the chief executive in place. But this fallacy of pity to appeal to the public, [argumentum ad misericordiam and argumentum ad populum] only makes our national edifice look like a house of cards whose collapse is just a few seconds away from the winds.

There is absolutely no way we can face the outside world without facing ourselves, challenging ourselves and triumphing over ourselves.
In conjunction with the legislative therefore, the creation of a Patriotic Fortress should be established, designed to promote all those actions and individuals invested in the defense of national values/interests and the fight of our enemies thereof.

UNITY: Nationalism between Provincialism, Regionalism and Federalism

During the creation of OHADA, which the initiated of African lawyers in order to promote investment in the whole of Africa, it happened that the most spoken language on the continent was French. According art. 42 of the OHADA, it was stipulated that the working language of the initiative would be French. As a result of this naïve, close minded approach [which was also intimidating], South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana as well as majority of the English Speaking nations decided to pull out from the law. Consequently, we have an OHADA law that is used mainly in French nations excluding the rest – a perfect example of disharmony and lack of foresight, taking advantage of language to undermine other groups.

There is no doubt that the English Cameroon has some specificities attributed to its heritage – culturally, linguistically, legally and academically, and it and these values as the things that constitute their identity. No doubt, the French equally have a style of life which they value and treasure.

The reunification of Feb. 1961 conference or the Foumban Conference instituted the federal republic of Cameroon which was dissolved in 1972 in favor of a greater union. So, the question of a federal republic, which many find strange had been part of our history, which according to our Constitution had been theoretically replaced with regionalism. Here, the details seems misleading since the governors are still appointed and not all the senators are elected by the people. In this light, we find ourselves in a nation which is neither united, not a federal regime, not regional nor provincial but simply a centrifugal scheme control by the center to the glory of their league.

Regionalism had to be enforced through decentralization which in Cameroon is not only a tedious process, but Etoudi has never seized from taking control of the whole structure of administration through direct implication of appointed leaders which have no connection with the people they serve. The disconnection is evident in the resultant frustration that the citizens find themselves in as well as the bypass of existing norms in favor of transported rules commonly practiced in the region.

The riots which have caused so much instability in the nation is nothing unexpected. It is a problem that you and your administration have willfully decided to neglect through despise, negligence and ignorance – a model of governance that has become even more common in most sectors of the country.

Some would argue that since there are tendencies of separation of the French in Canada, the French and the Flemings, the Scottish from Britain or the Biafra from Nigeria, it should not be forgotten that the history of all these nations are different. In the case of Southern Cameroon, we must admit that a strong centralize presidency cannot co-exist with a strong regional/federal system where people have a relative autonomy to decide on their local affairs.

I have no doubt how detached you are from these issues. Having the military and all the arsenal that you need to dominate others without the need to engage in any dialogue seems to be a strategy that works for you – at least for now. While young people are compromising their lives with the hope to make a change, the government has failed to see the care of the problem: the lack of opportunity from those from these regions, the subjugation/elimination of English model in the legal system by judges who never studies it but are assigned in english-speaking zones, the erosion of the English heritage under the pretext of harmonization of the educational curricula.

At a time when the whole world is moving in favor of the English system or a country like Rwanda completely moving away from the French language, Cameroon is instead the contrary. It follows that the residence of Cameroon is in the national territory that we all know but symbolically, France is the domicile of the nation. Why? Because as a people, we have not crafted laws that conform to our realities.

As you should have noticed old friend, your time is limited but the challenges increase. Also, I have not mentioned anything about separation. Why? The tendency to separate is a willingness on the part of the government not to solve any problem and to prove that we as a people are incapable to real justice. It is my belief that we learn our lessons from our past and make the necessary choices that would lead us to a better future which we would be proud of.

As I said earlier, your kids all live in stable nations where there is good education and stable politics. May you do the same in the same country which you govern.
Therefore, the Regional Fairness Authority should be instituted with immediate effect, with representatives from southern Cameroon in order to determine the level of advancement of the nation. It is the weak and the dominated who can determine what is fair and not the dominant.

Diaspora: On Auxiliary Concerns

Diaspora: on auxiliary concerns “Land is not fatherland, the first is structure while the second is structural.” [UGC] In other words, fatherland does not mean land of the father, but everything of heritage from the father – land being just a minimal part of it. It is with the understanding that we can rightfully address the question of those Cameroonians/Africans who live out of their land.

I understand that you have not yet approved Cameroonians of the diaspora to vote during national elections, and we don’t doubt the reasons for such a decision. But there is one thing we must keep in mind. People who live out of the country, although may want to participate in the political life of their country, are simply more interested in a country characterized by the rule of law with good infrastructure, where they can invest and transfer the good things they have learned from other nations. This, in my opinion, is what most people care about, not just the elections as you had erroneously thought.

In other words, by strengthening those internal values, we built a nation where others can be proud of and can share the values thereof with others in the world.
Why is this important? As you can remember, all your children study in foreign countries, including the one in Los Angeles who recently made headlines for her video she posted complaining about racism. Making an economy of this story, we should admit that irrespective of her opulent lifestyle, she is not exempt from being considered a ‘black girl’ from a poor undeveloped nation, like a profiteer in a foreign land after neglecting to fix hers. She enters into the category of all other black people who are seen with prejudice before examination.

This is the land where millions of our people were made to undergo slavery, in its cruelest forms. And why? Because we were divided and some of our leaders didn’t make the right choices of protecting our people. While I fear that a similar scenario might be reproducing itself today with millions of Africans risking their lives to go to Europe or other countries [where they’ll definitely not be held with respect], I however still believe that we can turn this situation round and make our nation a better place for our people.

Because she lives in this stereotypes, her wealth and comfort won’t modify the equation. But this is not a situation of fatality. She’s here because to learn which is what most of us do. What our people undergo can be undone only through a radical change of our place of origin;making Cameroon and Africa a place where happiness and progress triumphs. If this is not possible, our individual successes will be seen only as a manifestation of the graciousness of others on us, which participate in our victimization, down grading and extermination. You now understand why the wealth of your children don’t change the equation. Thymus, which helps in biological growth of individuals [or our personal enrichment] is different from thymos which is the motor of history, making people to achieve great things in life for their people and the world. We need more thymos, not thymus.

Comparing us with other people of the world, we can say that we got no real friends with special exceptions of Cuba. Even the Hindu Ghandi, venerated by the world is known to make the most outrageous racists remarks against blacks in South Africa and fought principally for the respect of Indians with no regards of what happened to the blacks, while his counterpart, Nelson Mandela stood on the side of fairness for all, which sounded no echo of reciprocity on the part of Ghandi. Now, if Ghandhi could be as prejudiced as he was against us, what do we expect from others?

We have come of age, and it’s only right to talk about the things that concern us and see how we move on from here intersection. Therefore, the creation of the Diasporic Province shall be instituted to unite our people and establish their direct implication in the promotion of the cause for our people.
Closing remarks: end of reign and rebirth of a new era “we must keep in mind this historic truth. Day and night we strife to make the world better; day and night the world thinks on how to make us worse. We shall have no rest till we triumph completely in this historic avenue.” UGC.

I don’t envy your throne, perhaps more your daughter but the burden of the current situation of our people and the world continue to weigh tremendously on me, leaving little time for the emotional faculty. I therefore do not shy to announce to you that the end of imminent. Change things or things will change you. In either case, Cameroon needs a revolution; mental, governmental, structural and infrastructural. Of course, there is a difference between reforms and revolution.

The first, which we have always done, consist in an incremental adjustment of policies and behavior; a process which has done us no good. The second, whose advent is near and inevitable, consists in a fundamental shift of governmental scheme which invest fearlessly,as in a war, for the protection of its people through governance, technology, integrity, and progress.

Your days are counted, so too are mine. But there is a difference: while young clinch to life and all its comforts, I had let go of these things a decade ago. A person succeeds by acquiring the things of success or admitting humbly that he has failed in doing so. In your case, you have not acquired the things of success for our people [justice, progress and happiness] and you have deliberately refused to admit that you’ve failed.

This is where your failure becomes not only the absence of progress but a pathological condition where abnormality is being normalized, jeopardizing as a result, the national edifice and corrupting the historic memory of our people especially its youth. Of course, the greatest crime against our people is precisely this normalization of anomality, which at the end, only explains its immoral derivatives as seen rampantly in our society: colle la petite, “on va toujours boire, corruption, nepotism, bigotory etc.

A personal adversary should be treated personally and not as a danger to the State. There’s no need to punish the nation for the wrongs of a few people against you.

By declaring that “a person lasts in power not because he wants but because he can” you exhibit an arrogant and self-congratulatory demeanor of your abilities to despise the institutions of the State through intimidating and decretal rule – all for the benefit of one individual: yourself.

The injury made to the State and our generation is immense but the wound left in the memory of history is both immeasurable and perpetual.
As mentioned in the preamble of this note, the values we learned while in the seminary is still in us, and I believe that you still have the conscience to know that it is wrong to let poverty and injustice triumph in an environment where difference can be made. While I think that you can make this change happen, time is simply running against you and nature must have limited your vigor and rigor in making this happen due to your advanced age.

It is therefore only right, as nature requires, that you get some rest, while instituting the recommended agencies as a matter of urgency. It is time to reconcile with the nation, by leaving on a positive note. Our friend Goodluck Jonathan, after being a mediocre president, made alasting impression on the world and Africa by leaving office peacefully and ensuring a peaceful transition.

There are good examples to emulate. Our friend of Tanzania, president John Magufuli, took only three months to change the country, making great progress in a short span of time. In 33 years, absolutely nothing has been achieved and it is not in your advanced age that a difference would be made. Don’t tell me that you constructed a few kilometers road! No. Most of these are not roads. They are strips of vehicle paths which would not stand the test of time, weather and use.

There is no reason why we don’t have a 14 lane road from yaounde to Douala, connecting these vital cities.

Reading the Prince will teach you how to protect yourself, and definitely create more insecurity; but reading Zun Tsu will enable you protect all citizens including the prince, in his temporality. And the reason is simple, the State is always in permanent war, waged through diplomacy and commerce. This is not a fight for you and I and our children. It is a battle for all our people and our race – which we believe has come of age and must be redeemed from its abyss to the light of the day.

It is time for our democratic nausea, our economic hemorrhage, administrative paralysis and technological epilepsy to come to an end; and may the advent of respect, governance, hard work, innovation and creation lead the way for the new
Let the new era begin, the android era, the post-modern digital era characterized by governance, rule of law, investments and progress.
Long live the World Governance Board,
Long live the android generation,
Long live the enduring people of the republic of Cameroon
Long live a thriving Africa and all its people of the diaspora.

History can only be delayed; it always accomplishes itself.

1. The time has come when there shall be no more coup d’Etat nor perpetual rulers; for there shall be one State, one people and one abiding just law.
2. The time has come when our children would no longer be stewards or objects for others but rejoice freely in the prosperity of their land, sharing dignity and majesty that is theirs.
3. The time has come when our young, strong and brilliant brains would not longer die in foreign waters or alien jails seeking asylum, better lives or education; for there shall flourish knowledge, personal growth and common welfare.
4. The time has come when those who market us with the stigma of war, division, selfishness, diseases, ignorance and poverty would decline; for in this land they shall seek and find peace, security, unity, charity, health and true knowledge.
5. The time has come when our leaders would be ashamed to go abroad, nor hide stolen money or shamelessly bag; but rejoice in the blessing of their land, and invest daringly for its progress and prosperity.
6. The time has come when it shall no longer be a question of tribe, clan or ethnic grouping, but of justice, intelligence, hard work and competence.
7. The time has come when the world would no longer be ‘there’ where we strive to belong, for it shall be ‘right here’ where everyone would strive to belong.
8. The time has come when false prophets of pessimism, erring advisers and unskillful agents would be dissipated, for there shall arise hope, competence, growth, justice and the promise would be fulfilled.
9. The time has come when we shall no longer be beggars, borrowers, sub-agents and gatecrashers in the banquet of the world; for we shall be givers, lenders, the gateway and real stakeholders.
10. The time has come when these resources would no longer be given out in exchange for used made goods; for they shall be products at the service of our own goods and progress.
11. The time has come when the market and money shall no longer be ‘there’ but shall be ‘here’ and ‘here’; for we must have known that we are capable of going and being what we have desired.

History can only delay; it always accomplishes itself.