E.C.  Picture Out of Africa

“The world is watching at us, as we move through this highway of history, with thoughts that we commit the same errors of the past and somber into doom. Vigilance and governance is the key if we shall cross safely into the promise land of greatness.”

Ultimate Governance Code

It is not too long ago when we were the cradle of the world’s finest civilizations [3000 BC]. Men thronged from all over the world to come and to learn, admire, and contribute to the intellectual edifice that our people had designed through hard work and diligent ingenuity.

Even though most of us migrated to the south, we still kept the spirit of hard work and sacrifice. During this time, the world was still three dimensional. There was the North, Hellenistic; the East: mystic; and the South: holistic.

They were the dominant cultural standards which defined for us our perspective of the time. The world could be appreciated either through the rational model of the Hellenistic world, or through the mystical Asiatic model or again through a more comprehensive approach that considered the real as a whole comprising all models of reality.

After about five millennia, the world is now barely two dimensional. We can measure a predominance of the Greek world view harbored in the West and a very minimal reference to the Asiatic East. Or more strictly, the world has become one dimensional.

That two dimensional rational model characterizes capitalism, democracy and the instruments that go with them, e.g., debt money, industry, rule of law, human rights etc. It is a long process through which our role has been systematically reduced through the application of engineered strategies ranging from the cruelest to the most diplomatic the world has ever known. The consequence is that we are now more subject to state power and its police instruments of execution on all fronts.

But what actually went wrong? And what led to our decline and prolonged subjugation?

The genealogy of irregularities over thousands of years differs in variety and intensity from place to place. But some of these remain outstanding and are worth mentioning.

It should be mentioned that since the fall of the Egyptian civilization and other empires which had relative strength over its territories [Mali, Zulu etc], most of our societies were very vulnerable due to the limited educational, military and economic adaptation.

The educational limits were characterized by the fact that most of us had an oral tradition wherein detail knowledge was easily lost and its transmission often led to distortions and misappropriations. Knowledge is a cumulative process of experiences. Oral traditions made it hard and eventually impossible to build and enrich present generations with past experiences. This explains why the same errors were committed repeatedly by different people over different periods.

Military weakness was another vulnerability that exposed us to our neighbors and also put us at risk to foreigners against whom sticks and stones could do very little. Even though not all battles are won with weapons, having them always constitute a source of defense.

Concerning the economic strength, most of our economic activity was based on natural harvest: harvesting from nature, doing subsistence level agriculture and the primary mode of trade by barter. But what is more?

We created endless divisions among our own people in the name of tribes. Some were friendly while others were made to be enemies.

Like most cultures, tribes have always existed but they become dangerous when they become the sphere within which we define humanity, charity, justice and love. In such an isolated and free floating sphere, the other tribes naturally loses inherent human rights because he doesn’t belong to a particular tribe that holds a strategic power over a given territory.

It is precisely this artificial boundary that was exploited by the west when they landed on Africa in search for labor and minerals. None of our societies were left untouched. Everyone suffered the consequences of ignorance, division, and greed and the failure to have established a viable functional economic model not only made the trade of humans seem profitable but also normal.

But the world was watching us…hoping that we would learn from our past mistakes and make better decisions. We didn’t. And when we did, we never did so effectively. That is why the same people had to come back and domesticate us in our own homeland – what others call colonization.

Again, we were subjugated using the same old schemes by the same people while some of us saw in them good people who just wanted to make us better. Make us better?

The old tricks worked. Our knowledge failed us and our know-how didn’t defend us sufficiently. But then, we should remember there is no society that has not been penetrated by the western powers at varying degrees with the same objective.

Happy African Children


Thanks to the bravery of some among us, independence was won through blood and iron. Those brave ones have always existed but in most cases their merits are not illustrated enough nor appreciated even though they have served great causes over centuries.

From its very beginning to this day with independence, we came to understand that things shall change. We have come to understand that we have learned the game and that we now take our destinies seriously and put our fate in our own hands to make a difference in governance.

In other parts of the world people also fought for their independence and won it. Now it is time to give an account of our character and on what we have done with the power we have acquired, to educate our young, to expose them to freedom, and to transfer our natural resources to them.

At an age when most people have made tremendous progress, it is now our turn to make the moves that will raise us up.

The laws of nature have been deciphered; information has been made abundant and available; technology has been made cheap and easy to learn; and many great things have been discovered. Above all, we have men and women who have studied in the same schools as others and given the same practical skills. Today, ignorance cannot be tolerated as an excuse!

No one has asked us to discover gravity, it is has already been done; to invent laws of physics; to land on the moon; or to discover the cure for Ebola. No one has asked us to do these things but they watch us day and night.

Our greatest discovery lies simply in learning from our mistakes. To create cultures of good governance instead of ethnocentric ones; to apply the rule of law; to transform our own resources for the benefit of our own people, build good roads, schools, hospitals, take care of the sick and old, protect the weak and fight the opponents of yesterday, get unified, eliminate war and live in peace as children in one family. Is that too much? Just being what we are called to be by the natural principle which unites us all?

If we cannot do these things, then we are only justifying the fact that the others were right in all the wrongs they did to us and that we have confirmed that we are incapable of managing our own lives.

Africa Children Watching


I am Africa.  I watch over you and shall watch over you.  All I request of you is to change your ways and be a better African for yourself, your children (home and abroad) and in the world.


Camaroon 1

In 1884 I was colonized by the Germans who, with a reign of brutality, created plantations that served the citizens of their homeland. This was part of a sharing deal of Africa by the European countries.

During the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, France along with its allies won and I was again colonized by the French whose rule was characterized by duplicity and exploitation.

About 10% of my territory [north, west, south, and west] was under the British rule that, through indirect administration, showed little interest in the region.

From 1914-1960, French rule dominated my territory. The France made French the official language while English was made the official language of the portion it controlled.

For half a century, those two nations, skilled in the art of exploitation, taught a small group of my people how to manage an administration using the skills taught to them by the west while expanding the cocoa, banana, and coffee plantations left by the Germany.

The selected few who assisted the colonizers had a fragmented education and had never been the real rulers of my people. The colonizers worked in collaboration with their missionaries whose primary tool was the Christian religion. They indoctrinated my people in the art of submission, and blind faith in the absence of reasoning. Parallel to that the colonizers defined new rules while criminalizing most traditional values.                                    

While wondering why my people had been so vulnerable, I took delight in those who had the courage to fight for independence so that my name could be restored to its honorable state. As such, in 1960, I got my independence and my people were joyful to be liberated from the masters whose rule had demonstrated with clarity that it served primarily the interests of the colonizer.

camaroon 4

My first president Ahmadou Ahidjo, a young man known for his courage and ambitious moves, instituted a one party system: the Cameroon National Party, a practice which was common among my fellow states.

With the objective to unify a territory with almost 250 ethnic groups, one party seemed to be the best way to harmonize a heterogeneous social landscape, and the public administration played a great role in this integration. 

By 1982, Ahmadou Ahidjo resigned and assigned Paul Biya as the successor. A decade later, a wave of democratization was sweeping across many nations and I was not excluded. But despite many constitutional reforms designed to conform to democratic principles, Paul Biya is still in power, thereby making me, Cameroon, a new pontificate State, or more correctly a democratic caliphate where power is being concentrated disproportionately at the top and uprooted at the bottom.

The result of this is the destruction of the dream that my people had. Freeing themselves from their former colonial masters has led them into the snares of new masters who continue not only to neglect their own welfare but remain loyal to those former patrons who continue to exploit them using the present leaders – the comprador bureaucracy.

It is this system of bureaucracy that has led to the corruption of the idea of independence. Allegiance is still paid to the former colonial master who takes pride in the misery of my people to create a good name through dependence on charity, international aide, an activity already criminalized in its conception, execution, and evaluation.

Although I have been patient and in pain waiting for my people to grow in maturity, I have realized that I am running out of time and out of patience. I had said to myself that they had to make errors and learn from their mistakes but, regrettably, these mistakes seem to be normalized, internalized, and even institutionalized in some cases.

For example, the modification of the constitution in 2008 removed limitation to presidential mandates thereby giving the present caliph, who is already 81 years of age, the possibility to run for office again in 2018. That modification despite that fact he has a record of unmatched mediocrity in the domain of governance and economy.

To sustain such unconventional norms, intellectuals have been bought off or skillfully eliminated in order to limit critics. While journalists have been killed, and others driven into exile, the opposition has been carefully weakened thus leaving only the president to appear to be the most capable political man under the circumstances.

This patrimonial rule, rooted in a tradition of uncontested authority, pride, non discursive deliberations and inevitable corruption, puts me in a situation of paralysis where I remain immobile, angry, sad, frustrated, morose, and jealous. I feel that way especially when I see my brothers of the same age making progress: Indonesia, China, Dubai, Thailand, Brazil etc.

But then, I have always held that society always corrects itself. In fact, many other societies have corrected their past errors and have made progress and left their bad ways aside. With time and patience running against me, I have found this situation a little different and slow. When I question the fundamental nature of man, I see that it is one, and such a premise leads me to the conclusion that the processes shall be certainly different but the result shall be the same: change in favor of fellow man and society.

Camaroon 3

Before being optimistic, I have always reminded myself that it is still dark, and that the situation remains scary especially with regard to the urgency of the situation. For example; when agriculture flourished in the 70s, I remember officials from South Korea who came to visit my leaders to learn how they could make similar triumphs. But in a few years, South Korea had made progress in all domains of life while my own people languish under the ambush a deceitful rule. I feel betrayed.

While the per capita GDP of a South Korean is about $30.000.00 a year, that of my citizens is barely $1,300.00. But I have been generous enough. Although I have a vast territory with about 13% arable land of which just 2% is in active exploitation, my people still import almost 400,000 tons of rice at the cost of about $200 million.

Camaroon 2


My kindness has been boundless to my people, besides tolerance, I have given them gold, diamond, cobalt, aluminum, oil, bauxite, nickel, retile just to name a few. What my brothers and sisters in Japan have only up to 10%, I have them all in abundance. But it is not serving the best interest of my people. So, I have decided to keep my promise. These resources shall remain in my good earth, but if leaders don’t change their ways, they shall remain in servitude due to their own ignorance, greed, and injustice.

I am Cameroon, presently in a paradox;

A big nation with small realizations;

Many resources but little to show for it;

Too many intellectuals but few productions;

Fertile fields but hungry citizens;

Consume what I don’t produce but produce what I don’t consume;

Good laws but unjust application;







There have been 5 generations of African Americans since the end of the civil war. A single generation is a span of 30 years from birth. 

A generation of people begins as a discharge of energy which is triggered by the coming together of opposites which when done opens a portal which releases energy and allows the conduction of energy in a clearly defined cultural pattern.

That in turn translates into motion and power which moves a generation of people freely in all directions.  That free movement in all directions is what it means to grow.

A successful generation of people is one which moves in a circle and for that reason comes back upon itself to regenerate itself or to give birth to a new generation people.

To do that a generation must have in itself enough power to overcome resistance otherwise it will cease to flow and thus that generation will fail to regenerate.  Evidence of a failure to regenerate is low power or no power.

So our problem today is the problem of ethnic generation and regeneration versus ethnic corruption and death.

When we adjust for technological and scientific advancements in the United States and the world African Americans are generally just as educationally and economically backward today as they were 5 generations ago.

Highly motivated business and professionally trained African Americans remain just as isolated from the masses of African Americans as they were 5 generations ago.

African American intellectuals are isolated because their conceitedness, narcissistic, and in some cases duplicitous behavior prevent them from pooling their mental energies so that they can accomplish a greater good for all.

And this is so because about 80% of African Americans remain an emotionally reactionary people. They are only motivated to a higher level of consciousness when they experience, witness, or hear violence or of a police killing. 

They, too, have fallen down into the rabbit hole of endless frivolous and self-destructive self-indulgences driven by every superficial fad spun off by the commercial and media industries. They have the most intricate tattoos on their bodies but will not learn a mechanical or medical skill.  They are the walking dead.

Most African Americans do not see the hand writing on the wall warning all people of historically unprecedented economic changes now occurring in the world.

Generally, the nations of the world are in debt to a few global banks one of the debtor nations is the United States of America.  Their citizens’ roles have shifted from national support to debt repayment to the global banking elite.

Generally, the aggregate wealth of African Americans is what it was 100 hundred years ago.  It is less than 1% of the aggregate national wealth in the United States and since the 1960s African Americans have constantly suffered twice the unemployment rate as Caucasians.

 And in every category of social advancement African Americans are disproportionately lowest in number. While in every category of social, economic, and medical dysfunction African Americans are disproportionately highest in number.

The November election results show that Republicans won enough seats in both the House of Representatives and the Senate to control both houses of congress.

The Democrats have lost power in congress and the Supreme Court is more conservative than ever before.  So what should we expect?

 Ironically we should expect things to remain exactly as they have been for the last 65 years because both Democrats and Republicans apply the same political policies. Like a football team run the plays from an approved play book every President has an approved play book.

That is why whether or not you have democrats or republicans controlling congress there will never be significant changes to domestic or international policies.

Democrats and Republicans cater to the interests of Finance Institutions, Wall Street, and the Major Global Corporations. They cater to them because money controls government at every level in the United States.

What is their procedure, the algorithm of U.S. political policy?

It stares at us in the congressional auditorium. It is the twin Faseces or Fascist symbols on the wall of Congress; it is the ‘Bundle of Sticks with an axe blade protruding’, the sticks symbolize the power to punishment by whipping and the axe symbolizes the power to behead.

It was the ancient imperial Roman symbol for power. It was the power of the secret society over life and death of its people.

It stared at us in the face of Andrew Johnson who empowered the southern Democrats when he repealed reparations for freed slaves and Ulysses S. Grant who ended reconstruction under the Freedman’s Bureau. 

It stared at us in the face of Woodrow Wilson, a democrat, when he sanctioned Jim Crow and the segregation of Federal Agencies by race.

It stared at us in the face when Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the Social Security Act of 1933. He signed it into law knowing that it contained a clause which excluded African American agricultural and domestic workers from receiving social security benefits but compelled them to pay into the system which would support Caucasian people upon their retirement. Roosevelt also knew that there was widespread housing discrimination under the Federal Housing Authority and Servicemen’s Readjustment Act.

It stared at us in the face when Richard Nixon applied the policy of ‘Benign Neglect’. That policy was proposed to him by a democrat named Patrick Moynihan. Its purpose was to stunt the social and economic movement of African Americans in the 1970s.

It stared at us in the face when Nixon, Carter, Reagan, Bush 1, Clinton, and Bush 2 pushed a war on drugs policy which harvested African American men and women for the prison industrial complex slave system. It is a system in which the incarcerated ‘body’ would generate wealth for private businesses.

So now here we are at the end of the year 2014.  Since the end of World War 2, we have watched the United States rise from a 17th ranked world power to the number one world power.  We have witnessed the United States peak in its economic power during the 40s, 50s, 60s, 70s, 80s, and 90s.  And now the party is over and African Americans never got into the party.

I have a question. Why is it that we do not see the obvious fact that our democracy is governed by the idea of corporatism? Corporatism is the idea that government should be privatized according to the business paradigm. 

Now, if it is true that corporate and Wall Street interests have dominate control over the outcome of elections at the local, state, and federal levels; and if  it is true that corporations fund political candidates who run for office; and if it is true that some of those candidates win election in local and state elections as well as in both the senate and house of representatives, then the only reasonable conclusion that a person can reach is that corporations are dominate over the U.S. government. In fact, corporations and financial institutions are the shadow government.

You have to conclude the above conclusion because politicians in office sign the bills written by A.L.E.C. (The American Legislative Exchange Council) which when signed by the president become law.  So, most of our laws are formed by corporate and wall street interests to serve their purposes.

All of those facts point to the globalization of powerful corporations and international banking companies such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Bank of International Settlements. But what does it mean for us?

Globalization means that the people of the United States are occupying a new rung in the global hierarchy. You can call it a global class structure but for many it will be a global caste system. They will be born, live, and die on the same street or in the same village they were born into.

The global hierarchy is not structured so that nations are listed from top to bottom. Rather, the new world order is structured so that banks and corporations are on top of the global hierarchy followed by nation states and their populations of consumers and laborers. And even more, the global economic infrastructure will be subservient to the profit making goods and services of financial institutions and corporations not the needs of the local people.

That means that the place of African Americans in the global hierarchy is no longer defined by the constitution because new global trade treaties like NAFTA and soon the Trans Pacific Partnership and the Trans Atlantic Trade and Investment Partners have and will open up borders so that people everywhere are shuffled into a mass global population most of whom are poor and dependent upon corporate policies.  

African Americans should know that we are seeing the end of Sovereign Nation States; in the new world order we will occupy the same bottom caste in a global plantation hierarchy as Africans do, the untouchables in India do, Mexicans do, Central Americans do, South Americans do, Indonesians do, Philippinos do, Palestinians do, Asians do, and every other economically destitute population in the world.

Their place in the global hierarchy is to play the role of bottom feeders. For example, in the country of Liberia its economy is controlled by Indians and Lebanese not indigenous Africans and in the United States Indians and Arabs control the ghetto inner-city stores not African Americans.

The indigenous Africans’ role is to borrow money from the banks; it is to receive a beggar’s handout from fascist governments; it is to consume goods and services endlessly and then to get sick and pay for treatment or die, and it is to labor day and night so that they grow wealth, power, and prestige for the global finance and corporate elite on this emerging global slave plantation.





The world’s attention is fixed on the Ebola outbreak in a number of West African nations.

The nations of Nigeria, Liberia, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Senegal have each reported cases of infected persons totaling more than 4,000. That rate of infection will no doubt increase.

The media has sensationalized the symptoms of Ebola as well as infection and death rates. But there is another dimension of the Ebola epidemic which is getting no attention. The devastating lack of a fundamental medical infrastructure in those nations now threatens the whole of Africa and the world.

The nations most afflicted by the Ebola epidemic depend heavily on medical organizations and expertise such as the World Health Organization, Doctors without Borders, and an assortment of Christian volunteers. Despite these efforts, none of these organizations have been able to abate the spread of the disease. They have not been able to control the spread of the Ebola virus because the leadership in the aforementioned nations is negligent.

These leaders are criminally negligent in the provision of medical training and services to their people.  This lack of professional training and medical infrastructure has resulted in a set of problems. As a consequence the complexity of the problems is far greater than it has to be.

Ebola chain

These African nations have had to resort to draconian measures in hopes of curbing the spread of Ebola.  Citizens are being quarantined. Those who attempt to escape quarantined areas are being executed.  That is a medieval practice which unmasks the stark incompetence of the leadership structure in each of these African Nations.

The dependence on foreign medical expertise and the implementation of draconian measures of epidemic control point to criminal negligence by the governments of those nations. Indeed, it points to crimes against humanity.

A short study of the history of each of these nations supports the claim of criminal negligence. Regime after regime has mismanaged government policies, national funds, and natural resources. Each regime has profited from the mismanagement of their nations’ wealth.

Each gained their independence from direct colonial rule in the 1960s. Each nation is endowed with natural resources, wealth, and youthful populations.

Each of these nations continues to export resources to Europe and Asia earning over the decades billions of dollars in national revenue. The corrupt leadership of those nations borrowed billions of dollars from the World Bank because they were lead to believe and to fear for their lives that they would get no help unless they borrowed from the West. They then siphoned huge amounts of that money for themselves after which they would deposit that cash into Western banks thus serving their lords’ empires. That chain of events has caused enormous national debt far beyond their national revenue and their peoples’ capacity to pay. Now their people live in perpetual poverty and disease.

The national leaders and regimes neglected to invest in the education of their youth. They neglected to invest resources from national revenue and money borrowed from the World Bank in the training of their youth in the medical sciences. And there has been no accountability warranted from them.

How should we evaluate such glaring criminal negligence? By what standard do we judge? We can judge the African nations by comparing them to Cuba.

The nation of Cuba gained its liberation in 1959. Cuba has been under a trade embargo from the United States since its founding. Cuba is not endowed with vast natural resources and land as are the West African Nations. Compared to Nigeria, Senegal, Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, Cuba is a very poor nation.

Its nation has been the victim of sabotage by the United States and assassination attempts on its leadership. Nevertheless, the leadership of Cuba instituted the best medical infrastructure including medical colleges in all of Latin America.

Cuba has more than 58 doctors per 10,000 people. The average Cuban life expectancy has increased from 59 in 1959 to 78 in 2014 which is greater than the life expectancy in the United States. Cuba’s infant mortality rate is less than both the United States and Canada. Cuba is ranked 125 out of 167 nations for HIV/AIDS adult prevalence.

These indicators establish an undeniable fact: the leadership of Cuba cares for Cuban people. This should be our standard for the duty of due care for post colonial nations.

What of Nigeria? Nigeria is the leading economy in Africa today. Nigeria has 4 Doctors for every 100,000 persons. Nigerians’ life expectancy at birth in 2014 is 53 years. Nigeria has the second largest HIV/AIDS infection rate in the world at 3.1 percent of those between 15 and 49 years of age. Its infant mortality rate is 143 per 1000. The maternity death rate is 840 per 100,000 births. We will stop here because it only gets worse for the other Ebola plagued nations. The reason for these conditions is undeniable. The leadership and elite of those nations do not care for their people. The proof of the pudding is in the taste.

The leadership and elite of the African nations where Ebola is spreading out of control are criminally negligent and may in fact be the proximate cause for a global pandemic or at least the death of a large percentage of their own population.

They should be brought to justice at the international court of justice in the Hague, Netherlands. They should be tried and then imprisoned. Their family wealth and international bank accounts should be confiscated and returned to their respective nations to be used to construct modern medical infrastructures. The construction of medical infrastructures should be overseen by the international court of justice at the Hague trustees because Africans don’t care for Africans.





The ‘Afrocentric’ paradigm laid down by Dr. Molefi Asante is ideologically illusory.[1] There is no ‘circle’ which bounds the place he identifies as Africa. And thus there is no center. It is a thesis he intentionally and negligently supports by numerous false premises.  All of those premises have been and are now proffered as facts, but such are in fact false.

For those reasons the implication in the basic assumption of ‘Afro-Centrism’, i.e., that descendants of slaves in America can find, experience, and express a higher ethnic unity by means of his ideology is impossible. Afro-Centrism, therefore, must be rejected as a logically defective ideology. 

Such fallacious arguments have been and are promoted by scholars such as Dr. Molefi Asante of Temple University, Philadelphia. He does not live on the continent of his ancient ancestors but rather he lives here in the United States. He is culturally a descendant of slaves.


His central thesis is that ‘Africa exists’. He does not address that in his definition of Afrocentricity.[2] But the truth is that ‘Africa’ as a concept does not correspond to anything which exists objectively.  The term ‘Africa’ has no existential import. That is because the continent designated ‘Africa’ was named by Europeans after a Roman military general named ‘Scipio–Africanuus’ (236-183 BCE). Therefore, we cannot affirmatively quantify the concept of ‘Africa’. We can only qualify it by saying that ‘Africa is not’. The Continent has a slave name. It is Continent X.

Thus, their adoption of the moniker ‘Afro-Centric’ and then making the argument that ‘African’ names adopted by descendants of slaves in the Americas are a sign of being a member of a universal culture is wrong. In truth, scholars such as Dr. Molefi Asante are instead using Afro-Centrism as a wedge to further divide and confuse the descendants of ex-slaves in the Americas. 

Dr. Asante’s effort to propagandize the ideology of Afrocentrism also indirectly collaborates with European culture. Dr. Asante cannot support an ‘African’ unity because the subject of his ideology does not exist. However, what Dr. Asante does do indirectly is to celebrate a Roman invader of an ancient Canaanite (Black) nation and thus celebrate western dominance over the people of the continent he purports to love.  

The designation of the continent as ‘Africa’ and the categorization of all persons living within its geographical borders or who are living in the Americas and descended from people living within its borders as ‘African’ is based upon the false premise that people living on the continent have a universal identity. 

On the contrary, people living on the continent do not have a universal set of socio-economic interests, values, and perspectives above that of the necessities of life. The truth is that there is no evidence to support the claim of a universal identity on the continent.

Family and tribal sentiment are the historical basis for individuals’ self-concept and cultural identity on the continent. Family and tribal sentiment is generally the basis of cultural identity on the continent today. Descendents of slaves in the United States do not share any of the myriad sentimental attachments to values, interests, and perspective of the people living on the continent.

Furthermore, the geopolitical fact is that all of the 55 nation-states on the continent are based upon European colonial political structures and thus do not even rationally reflect in their codified law and higher educational institutions the local cultural sentiments of the people. The continent is fractured into uncountable pieces with very few strings of attachment.

That fact is most evidenced by the many different indigenous languages spoken within the borders of the many so-called nation-states on the continent. If the continent were divided along linguistic lines instead of those boundaries superimposed by colonial powers from the 15th to 20th centuries there would be over 2000 independent nations.

The truth is that those colonial ghost states are now ruled by dominant tribes and the elite families within those tribes and finally by European and United States military and economic interests. Those same dominant tribes have adopted French, English, Italian, Portuguese, or Arabic (except for the Eritreans and Abyssinians) as their national languages because there has been no universal language ever adopted by Black people on the main continent. White supremacist ideology dominates the whole continent because indigenous leaders can do nothing significant for their people without the approval or support of a Western power.

The same argument can be made regarding traditional religious practices on the continent. Dr. Asante’s claim that: “All people create their religions out of their histories.” is false. Again he violates the logical rule of existential import. It is only true that some people create their religions out of their histories. Some other religions claim their creation outside of human history. The two differing claims are essential to understanding why parochial religious beliefs and practices are diminishing in the face of both Christianity and Islam. It is because both Christianity and Islam are universal in scope and yet are elastic enough to be adapted to any culture. But let us look at it another way.

If the continent were divided along traditional religious lines there would be as many nations as there are clans.  That would make a universal identity on the continent impossible because the uncounted local religions do not have the potential for universality. 

The Kingdom of Aksum is a case in point. There the religion of Christianity was established by decree of the Negus Ezana of Aksum beginning in 330 A.D. From that date Aksum, later called Abyssinia, maintained a stronger cultural unity because of the popular sentiment for the universalism of Christianity. That country remained more unified than any other culture on the continent and was not colonized by a European power until the 20th century. In short, divide and conquer didn’t work against them because of their greater cultural unity.

Tribal religions on the continent, though they are ancient, have always been and are parochial or clannish in nature. Furthermore, they have no written religious texts and thus have linguistic and geographical limitations which make them lack the potential for a universal scope of appeal.

Some may argue that ancient Kemet did have universal concepts which embraced all those who lived on the continent and even humanity.  However, that is a false premise, too.  There is no evidence that the people of ancient Kemet invited other people living on the continent and outside their culture to the east, south, and west of them to share with them as members of their culture.

One possible religious exception may be argued. The Pharaoh Akhenaton did establish a monotheistic religion not created by his peoples’ history but rather born out of a non-historical visionary experience. But he was murdered by the parochial priestly class. The priests wanted to maintain their status, power, and privilege within their parochial religious practices. That historical fact simply proves the point that parochial traditional religious practices on the continent lack the elasticity to provide a universal identity for the people on the continent. 


This leads us to yet another argument made by Dr. Asante. He argues that Arabs and thus Islam enslaved Black people on the continent because of some defect in the religion of Islam and hatred toward Blacks. There are several logical inconsistencies to his argument. Let’s look at some facts one at a time.

First,  Blacks conquered Arabs and enslaved them prior to the advent of Islam. For example, Abyssinia extended to the whole of the Hejaz and  Yemen on the day of the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) birth.

Secondly, dominant Black tribes made war with and took prisoner Black people from weaker Black tribes and then sold Black people to Arabs. That occurred before the advent of Islam as well as after the advent of Islam. It is a myth that the different tribes on the continent lived in peace for over 60,000 years. The different cultures did not live in peace for thousands of years before there were Semitic people.[3]

Thirdly, Dr. Asante denies that Arabia is a peninsula of Africa. That it is a peninsula is a geographical fact. That means that Arabia is a part of the continent. Furthermore, it is a fact that the people living on that peninsula are either Black people or descendants of Black people who migrated out of Africa over 50,000 years BCE. That migration hypothesis is supported by DNA evidence. Thus it is proof that Black people made war with each other long before the advent of and during the rise of Islam in the 7th century A.D.

Fourthly, Dr. Asante does not accentuate the role played by dominant chiefs who bartered with both Arabs and Europeans for the sale of Black people as slaves. But it is a historical fact that the interior of Africa was generally impenetrable by both Arabs and Europeans and that but for the assistance of dominant Black tribes on the continent who saw profit to be made by helping slave traders, most Black people would not be in the Americas today. Before white supremacy had been internalized by indigenous people, tribal chiefs opened the doors to white supremacy without a fight.  

The fact those dominant tribes had no indigenous religious texts rationalizing slavery for profit does not negate the behavior which evidenced the practice of enslaving Black people as an acceptable value in tribal business affairs.

It was Black people who lead the slave traders through the interior to capture Black people on both the east and west coasts of the continent. It was Black people who lead David Livingstone to H.M. Stanley on the Zambezi expedition and to the source of the Nile River.  

Today it is Black people who are allowing the resources of the continent to be hauled away outside the continent by pirate nations. It is Black people right here in the United States who work to thwart the progress of their own ethnic members for monetary reward. House Negroes all as Malcolm X would say!

The fundamental assumption underlying Dr. Molefi Asante’s Afrocentric ideology is like a glass marble which when held up to the eye can be seen to have a crack running dead through the middle of it. It is defective and can only lead to a chain of defective inferences.  It, therefore, follows necessarily that his whole ideology is inconsistent with the rules which govern sound and cogent thinking and should be rejected by anyone who aspires for truth and justice.

[1] Afrocentricity: The Theory of Social Change (Revised and Expanded), by Molefi Asante, pub. African American Images, Chicago, Illinois, 2003

[2] Afrocentricity: The Theory of Social Change (Revised and Expanded), by Molefi Asante, pub. African American Images, Chicago, Illinois, 2003,

[3] See the Pluvial Period of the continent