There is a population flush cycle. It churns the population of the United States as if in a blender at the whim of the power elite. At the turn of the 20th century, 88% of all immigrants to the United States were white Europeans. They were allowed to immigrate into America because its 19th century population size was too sparse to fuel its industrial revolution and its consequent consumption boom. In order for the power elite of the gilded age to prosper financially and to maintain ‘white supremacy’, all three conditions had to occur simultaneously.

Sparsely populated territory in the United States was a major problem for the power elite of that time. Land defined national identity. Without manpower, such land could not be held nor developed. Without the manpower to neither hold the land by military force nor develop it by slave or cheap indentured servant labor Britain could not justify it as part of their colonial empire nor could the newly formed United States justify itself as a new nation.[1]

To solve both the problems of 1. removal of unwanted populations and 2. under-population, they employed ‘population flush’.  Population flush involved forcefully pushing indigenous people off their land while simultaneously attracting Europeans to the land and forcefully importing Africans onto the land so that both those populations could hold and develop the land in the name of the newly founded United States.[2]

Population Flush

Periodically and depending on social, economic, and military needs and circumstances, the power elite will turn the immigration ‘on’ switch to full throttle because they need human bodies for material exploitation just like any other natural resource. It is the vast force of immigrant instinctual energy that the power elite wish to harness to build and drive their empire to total world domination.

More and more Europeans were allowed to immigrate into the United States because it was important for the power elite to maintain institutional white supremacy. The U.S. Congress defined the constitutional phrase ‘free persons’ as ‘free white persons’. Thus, white supremacy was the law of the land. Secondly, because African American slave women had a much higher fertility rate than any other ethnic group in the United States.

African American females had 8 babies per female between the ages of 15 and 45 in 1800 compared to Caucasian females’ fertility rate of 7 babies per female for the same age range. Had it not been that millions of white people were imported into the United States, America would have become naturally racially integrated much earlier in the 20th century than it did. What initially drove down fertility rates was urbanization and industrialization. But that necessitated an ever increasing influx of ‘white persons’ from Europe in order to maintain white supremacy in numbers and in political and police power. 

 black fertilityrate 

Furthermore, booming service sectors, as well as coal, iron, and oil industries necessitated bodies to work in them, but not black bodies. Military involvement in World War I necessitated millions of soldiers. So white males immigrated to the United States and assumed employment in the growing manufacturing and military industries. They were limited only by their own natural limitations. Black people were segregated by law at the turn of the 20th century.[3]

The European immigrant tsunami continued to reverberate throughout the early and middle 20th century. Through a major depression white men and women got relief through the Social Security Act of 1935, the Minimum Wage Act of 1938, The Welfare Act of 1935, and ‘the Works Progress Administration program’ or WPA under the Roosevelt ‘New Deal’.

After World War II, white men and women benefited from the: Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 or the G.I. Bill.[4] They bought homes and they and their children attended colleges and Universities for free. America was at its peak. It afforded to the White Supremacists’ baby boom generations a historically unparalleled experience of affluence in the United States.  They have come to be called ‘Greatest Generation’ but in truth they were the ‘greatest racially privileged generation of all time’. But what goes up must come down so says the law of gravity.

During this same several decades a shift slowly occurred.  Both black and white women started to have fewer babies. By 1970, the fertility rate for black women had fallen to 3 per female between 15 and 45 and for white women it had fallen even more to 2 babies per female for the same age group.  And now in 2016, for black women a fertility rate of 1.8 and for white women a fertility rate of 1.9, both beneath replacement level.[5]

What happened? What stopped the baby boom in its tracks? Why is America now compelled to import spermatozoa and ova?

The answer is simple. First in 1959-60 the birth control pill was approved by the FDA and introduced into the market place via hospitals and family physicians. Secondly, in 1972-73 the United States Supreme Court decision, Roe v. Wade, made abortion legal. Since that year there have been over 56,000,000 abortions had by U.S. women. That number nearly offsets the approximately 66,000,000 baby boomer babies born between 1946 and 1964. Thirdly, manufacturing jobs have been steadily exported overseas to exploit cheap labor. That has made the cost of living rise far too high for many Americans to have large families or even to get married early in their 20s. It has been recently reported by the Pew Research Center that 36% of all men 18 to 31 live at home with their parents.[6]  Three reasons were given:

Declining employment. In 2012, 63% of 18- to 31-year-olds had jobs, down from the 70% of their same-aged counterparts who had jobs in 2007. In 2012, unemployed Millennials were much more likely than employed Millennials to be living with their parents (45% versus 29%).

Rising college enrollment. In March 2012, 39% of 18- to 24-year-olds were enrolled in college, up from 35% in March 2007. Among 18 to 24 year olds, those enrolled in college were much more likely than those not in college to be living at home – 66% versus 50%.

Declining marriage. In 2012 just 25% of Millennials were married, down from the 30% of 18- to 31-year-olds who were married in 2007. Today’s unmarried Millennials are much more likely than married Millennials to be living with their parents (47% versus 3%).”

In 1960, the median age at first marriage in the United States was 22.8 years for males and 20.3 for females compared to 28.2 years for males and 26.1 for females in 2010.

Those statistical figures signal to the power elite that African Americans who are descendants of slaves will soon be finished as a viable population in the United States. Descendants of slaves will generally be unable to compete in the economy except in the entertainment markets including sports. 

The power elite are those owners and CEOs of the most powerful and wealthiest corporations and financial institutions in the United States.They are not necessarily those individuals listed in Forbes Fortune 500. The 100 wealthiest Americans are not necessarily of the power elite because power and wealth do not always go together. One may be rich and not powerful. But power always goes with wealth, military and police force.

If we assume all present social and economic trends remain steady in slave quarters within inner city communities, what can we predict? We can predict that descendants of slaves will for all intents and purposes disappear as a politically and economically relevant ethnic group by the end of the 21st century. As the sociologist Sidney M. Wilhelm asked back in 1970: “Who Needs the Negro?”

The same holds true for lower and middle class white men and women. They now are coming to realize that being ‘white’ is not enough to get economic privilege in the new world order.

Already, the white middle class which for the last 70 years has brought home the bread and butter for Uncle Sam is now held up solely by credit debt. It is becoming more and more difficult to keep up the façade of middle class status and conspicuous consumption.

Most middle and lower class families have an income to debt ratio which is heavily tilted on the side of debt. That is also reflected in the national ‘debt to GDP’ ratio. Both they and the Federal government are for all practical purposes bankrupt.

The demise of white people in the United States is also evidenced by the life-span for white males. It is falling lower and lower every year. And this is just the beginning. It was reported in the April 20, 2016 edition of the Wall Street Journal that: The number of years a white American born in 2014 could be expected to live fell to 78.8 years from 78.9 years the year before, according to the CDC. The change was driven largely by women.”

However, elite white males with higher incomes which allow them to afford new stem cell treatment health care can expect to become the new ‘Alpha’ males in the ‘Brave New World’ they are now engineering with biotechnology and robotics. They will live long, healthy, wealthy lives.

Those are just simply the facts. Those facts are not presented by me to be a moral argument. Though I do have a moral position. Rather, those facts beg a question: why did the United States Supreme Court sanction the abortion of millions of babies? Could they not foresee that the nation would become dependent on importing millions upon millions of immigrants to fill the population vacuum? Immigrants who are not acculturated to the American way of life. There is an answer.


The power elite do not want a settled population with family roots dating back 400 years to colonial times. They do not want a historically knowledgeable population, a population of critical thinkers, a population of people who now know for instance that both the Republican and Democratic political parties are corrupt and corrosive to the very fabric of our democratic process. The power elite prefer a climate of social and political confusion and lower class cultural and economic instability.

The power elite want public confusion because they thrive in environments rich with political and economic confusion. For them, confusion is a resource. With it, they are better able to manipulate a docile population from their Tower of Babel.

The power elite want a population already conditioned to live under dictatorships and authoritarian governments of every kind. They want a population with a high tolerance for both political corruption and death squad law enforcement. They want a population willing to pay 50% of their wages in Taxation. They want a population which having not known the tradition of freedom will be willing to sign freedom away for a bag of Cheetos. That is the answer. That is why we are now in the height of a population flush cycle.

Today, the population of the United States is simply a human resource. Like a fossil fuel, Americans are burnt up, their energy exploited at the whim and pleasure of the power elite, and then when they have become old they are discarded as waste one generation after another onto a pile of human refuse. For it is the power elite who control the levers of an ever oscillating population flush cycle to serve their purposes.


[1] The Nomos of the Earth, by Carl Schmitt, Telos Press Publishing, 2006

[2] Johnson vM’Intosh, 21 U.S. (8 Wheat.) 543 (1823)

[3] Plessy vFerguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896)

[4] P.L. 78-346, 58 Stat. 284m

[5] United States Census, National Vital Statistics Report, 2010

[6] A Rising Share of Young Adults Live in Their Parents’ Home

      A Record 21.6 Million In 2012 BY RICHARD FRY




Greedy Capitalist Pig

Historically, African, Latino, Asian, and Native Americans have suffered the slings and arrows of outrageous economic fortune in the United States. Africans were enslaved; Latinos’ were victims of larceny in violation of the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution and were economically exploited under the Brocero program of 1942; Asians’ land and property was taken in direct violation of the Fifth Amendment of the Constitution; and criminal larceny was committed against all Native American tribes . We could go on but just these few facts reveal something very important.

Let’s face an undeniable fact about the theory of capitalism. Capitalism is not natural law; it is a theory. A rational theory differs radically from a ‘law of nature’. A rational theory is imperfectly applied to ever changing circumstances whereas natural law is constant.

The law of gravity, for example, is a claim that asserts a direct relation between the sum of masses and an indirect relation to their distance from one another squared. Gravity has been proven to exist naturally by experimentation.  It holds true everywhere in the known universe according to astrophysicists. The gravitational relation between masses is not guided by an ‘invisible hand’ in the universe not even the hand of God.

Capitalism on the other hand is not natural, it is artificial.  Capitalism is a rational belief system; it is guided by human hands.

The theory of capitalism is the brain child of Adam Smith.  Adam Smith was not a scientist; Adam Smith was an ethical and economic philosopher.  If you have gone to college then you know that your first course on economics taught you some fundamental assumptions about the market place as it is assumed to work in an open market. First there is supply and demand. 

Understand that there is no ‘natural relation’ between the supply and demand of goods and services. That is because according to Adam Smith, both supply and demand are mediated by an ‘invisible hand’ in the market place. Supply can be anything natural or artificial and demand may or may not exist from moment to moment or even from season to season because it depends on human choice. So, the relation between supply and demand is a game of chance; it is not universally constant as gravity is.  Your best example is the depression of the 1930s.

Furthermore, you were taught something about the value assigned to goods and services that are distributed to you through the market place.  You were taught some other correlations. You were told that as demand for goods and services increase there is an increase in their ‘price’ or value, but that if the supply of goods and services is greater than demand for them then prices for goods and services will decrease. Do you remember all of those red, green, and black curves in the book!

Here is something you probably came to understand while taking notes in that class. One, the course was taught like it was physics when it was presented to you. That is the ‘mystique’ of the system as presented to you.

And two, if there is an ‘invisible hand’ manipulating the supply of goods and services in the market place by reducing production of goods and rolling back services or increasing them, then prices can be manipulated to go up or down at will. Therefore, capitalism is not natural law; Capitalism is an art.

If capitalism is an art then it can be done away with and replaced by another kind of economy or it is a system which can be adjusted depending upon human needs under any given circumstance at any time. What that means is that our priorities must be rearranged. 

Which is more important?  Do human beings collectively and individually have greater value than the market place or do the products in the market place have greater value than the human beings who made them? I think you know the answer to those questions. 

History suggests that in each generation some people are recruited and socialized to think illogically about the value of all human life. They arrive at the conclusion that they are inherently better than other people and indeed the total environment.  We have evidence to prove that. 

America was founded upon capitalism. Any serious student of the United States Constitution knows that.

We Americans know that during the era of slavery, indentured servitude, and later under ‘Jim Crow’ and ‘share cropping’ in the southern states, the exploitation of others’ labor was qualified as more important than human rights.

So we know that pure capitalism can place the market place above entire ethnic and gender classifications of human beings as a more important priority. That very qualification which capitalism implies is that without capitalism a quality life on earth would not be possible.  That is a lie and here is why it is a lie.   

It we follow the logic of that propaganda then what kind of justice would we be compelled to validate?  If justice has to do with how, when, where, how much, and to whom we distribute benefits to people in society then by our sentiments and actions we are certainly not validating equal justice because in our market place the ‘invisible hand’ has caused extreme inequality of resource distribution in the United States and all over the world. Most people have barely enough to subsist on or nothing at all.

The ‘invisible hand’ is the hand of exclusion. It pushes some people away from the fruits of their labor and allows others to indulge in fruit that they do not deserve.

In fact, the invisible hand may be a metaphor for ‘power’.  If that is so, then the market place is tied to instinctually based anxieties which give rise to conscious rationalizations for discriminatory use of power by the haves against the have-nots.

Capitalism is used to justify the discriminatory use of state power.   The ‘invisible hand’ snatches from most people their time and energy used to produce benefits and gives to a minority of other people benefits they do not deserve.  

Market place exclusion by the ‘invisible hand’ is the result of intentional injustice. That kind of injustice is criminal. It is criminal because it is intentional and because it wrongs human beings and more generally it wrongs nature so that a few people can control and benefit from all of the wealth produced by the majority of people. That kind of market place is not the result of natural law.

If we do not follow the logic of that kind of propaganda then what kind of justice would a more precise of kind logical reasoning compel us to validate? 

If justice has to do with how, when, where, how much, and to whom we distribute benefits to in society then a more just society would result from the application of proportionate justice. That would be a form of justice predicated on a person’s belonging to humanity not on an artificially measured kind of worth.

Proportionate justice is a method of distributing the values of society according to what a person deserves as a result of his or her own efforts in his or her life time. We do not have such a system of proportionate justice in the United States.  We do not have a system of justice based upon merit. For example, most wealth in the United States is inherited wealth.  Twenty-seven (27%) percent of all wealth in the United States is inherited by 1% of the population or wealth is owned by corporations or some form of government. 

And here is yet another example. Most African Americans are the descendents of slaves.  Slave labor was exploited to build up the capital base of the United States. But the descendants of slaves have not been given any financial proportionate justice in the form of reparations to them for unpaid wages justly due to slaves during slavery.

As a consequence, the total average amount of wealth owned by African Americans today in the United States is about $4,000.00 dollars compared to Euro-Americans’ average of $88,000.00 dollars.  African Americans were cheated by a capitalist market place wherein they do not get proportionate justice.

It is amazing that right wing conservatives in the United States will criticize the theory of evolution but cannot tolerate criticism of the theory of capitalism. Evolution assumes that change is inevitable while the one percenters struggle to prevent change.

Welcome to Earth THE HIJACKING OF THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT, by Doug Hammerstrom, Attorney at Law

picture of 14th amendment

Constitutional Law courses in law schools teach that the Fourteenth Amendment defines the limit beyond which state legislation may not impinge on property rights. They also teach that the Fourteenth Amendment incorporates the Bill of Rights and imposes its limitations upon the states. But what do these legal doctrines have to do with the plain purpose of the Fourteenth Amendment – to assure political rights for the newly-freed slaves? And how did these doctrines arise out of the Fourteenth Amendment?



While society was grappling with bringing former slaves into U.S society, the power and influence of corporations was also on the rise. While very few people were turning their attention and energy to bringing former slaves into society – indeed, far more energy was being put into NOT bringing them into society – corporations were using a great deal of their wealth to hire lawyers to advance their interests in the courts. The Fourteenth Amendment offered an opportunity to advance corporate interests, and the corporate attorneys set out to exploit it.



Of the 150 cases involving the Fourteenth Amendment heard by the Supreme Court up to the Plessy v. Ferguson case in 1896 that established the legal standing of “separate but equal,” 15 involved blacks and 135 involved business entities. The scope of the Fourteenth Amendment to secure the political rights of former slaves was so restricted by the Supreme Court that blacks won only one case. The expansive view of the Fourteenth Amendment that comes down to Constitutional Law classes today is the result of corporations using the Fourteenth Amendment as a shield against regulation. Ultimately the Plessy decision left Jim Crow laws, state laws discriminating against blacks, in place because of doctrines developed in those corporate shield cases.



How ineffective the Fourteenth Amendment was for blacks in the 19th century is told well by Richard Stiller in his book, Broken Promises: The Strange History of the Fourteenth Amendment (1972). Things did not look good for the freed slaves immediately after the Civil War and the assassination of Lincoln. Lincoln’s successor, Andrew Johnson, vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866. In his veto message he said it was not proper “to make our entire colored population . . . citizens of the United States.” Johnson’s veto message was a signal for violence and murder all over the South.



Thaddeus Stevens led the successful fight for the Fourteenth Amendment. The first section of the amendment declared blacks to be citizens of the U.S. [the language parallels language in the Dred Scott decision and overrules Dred Scott ] In July of 1868, when the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified, it looked as if racism sustained by law was dead in the United States.

 Picture of freedman

 For a short period of time things went well for blacks. Negroes held office widely in the South. Free public schools, set up for the first time in the south after the Civil War, served black and white children equally. Louisiana’s state constitution required integration in the new public schools. In order to preserve this status, a civil rights bill was promoted in Congress. The law, not passed until 1875, made segregation in public facilities – such as hotels, restaurants, and railroads – a federal offense. In 1873 when the Supreme Court heard the Slaughterhouse Cases, its first Fourteenth Amendment case, the Court rebuked the attempts of business interests to use the amendment, saying that the Fourteenth Amendment’s “main purpose was to establish the citizenship of the Negro.” Justice Miller added, “We doubt very much whether any action of a State not directed by way of discrimination against the Negroes as a class, or on account of their race, will ever be held to come within the purview of this provision.”



By the mid-1870s, however, the mood had turned. Reconstruction was ended in a deal cut to resolve the 1876 presidential election. Some of the Court’s justices were racists. One of these was Stephen J. Field. After the 1873 decision he wrote to a friend: “I belong to the class who repudiate the doctrine that this country was made for the people of all races. On the contrary, I think it is for our race – the Caucasian race.”



 In United States v. Cruikshank (1876) the Court said that the Fourteenth Amendment “adds nothing to the rights of one citizen against another.” Yet Congress had written the amendment to do just that. The hearings on the Fourteenth Amendment indicated that most of the abuses being suffered by Negroes were at the hands of individual white persons rather than state governments or those acting under color of law. Congress had just made its intent evident in the Civil Rights Act of 1875. However, when the Supreme Court ruled on the constitutionality of that act in 1883, the Court cited Cruikshank, amazingly negating Congress’s intent in that act on the basis of the Court’s divination of Congress’s intent in passing the Fourteenth Amendment. Logic would say that Congress might have known its own intent in enacting the Fourteenth Amendment when it drafted the Civil Rights Act just two years later and passed the Act just seven years later.



 Meanwhile, the corporate lawyers picked up on a point made in Justice Field’s Slaughterhouse dissent: that the amendment was broad enough to protect all of U.S society from the deprivation of fundamental, natural law rights, and that the Supreme Court had a duty to fashion decisions to protect those rights. Ironically, this was the argument the abolitionists made for ending slavery that was rejected in the Dred Scott case. The argument became the basis for what is known as substantive due process.



 In what was to become a familiar assertion, railroads in Illinois complained in the State Railroad Tax Cases that the Illinois tax laws violated due process because corporations were taxed differently. In Munn v. Illinois, Justice Field continued his crusade for the corporations and the assertion of substantive due process. The majority decision allowed the state to set rates for grain elevators because, though private property, they were “affected with a public interest” and “affect the community at large.” In his dissent, Field threw a laissez-faire-fit at this ‘socialist’ ruling. One piece of the substantive due process doctrine became a Supreme Court procedural mandate when the Court majority accepted Field’s view that determination of the reasonable limits of due process was a judicial function.



In Kentucky Railroad Tax Cases the assertion again was made that taxes violated a railroad’s due process rights. The assertion was also made – for at least the third time before the Supreme Court – that corporations are persons under the Fourteenth Amendment. The corporate legal campaign to gain ‘personhood’ status finally succeeded when the report of the opinion in Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific. R.R. contained a statement purportedly made by Chief Justice Waite before oral argument that “(t)he court does not wish to hear argument on the question whether the provision in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which forbids a State to deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws, applies to these corporations. We are all of the opinion that it does.” The statement is suspect because the issue was argued. The case was decided on other grounds and the Court directly declined to decide the Constitutional question. Justice Field cited Santa Clara as holding that corporations are persons in a later case, and that notion of Santa Clara’s holding has stuck.


In the same year – 1886 – the Court again stated that the court might intervene and make its own assessment of the propriety of rate regulations in The Railroad Commission Cases. The substantive due process doctrine reached its full flower in Lochner v. New York. The U.S. Supreme Court invoked ‘substantive due process’ to substitute its judgment for that of the New York legislature in holding that a law regulating the working hours of bakers violated the Fourteenth Amendment.



In Davidson v. New Orleans, Justice Miller remarked that the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment rarely had been invoked in the near-100 year history of the Constitution. Yet the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment lately was being invoked regularly. The author would suggest the difference was the litigation spending of the railroads in the latter period. Yet by 1877 only nine Fourteenth Amendment opinions had been rendered. From 1877 to 1885, twenty-six additional opinions were issued. In the 13 years before 1912, 409 due process opinions were handed down. From 1886-1912 two cases restrained or annulled State action involving Negroes, and 39 cases restrained or annulled State action against corporations.



While the corporations were triumphant in wielding the Fourteenth Amendment as a shield against democratic control, blacks were abandoned by the Supreme Court. Not only was the law not used to protect their Constitutional rights, the law was used affirmatively to degrade them. Ten years after Plessy, the Supreme Court ruled that a state could force white people to discriminate against black people even if they did not want to. A private college that had voluntarily educated black and white students together since the Civil War was forced to expel the black students when, in Berea College v. Kentucky , the Court upheld a Kentucky statute that said black and white students could not be taught in the same school. The white students sent a farewell letter to their former classmates. “Our sense of justice shows us that others have the same rights as ourselves. We hope never to be afraid or ashamed to show our approval of any colored person.”



In response to the Berea decision, states and cities of the South rushed to follow the Court’s lead. They passed laws criminalizing white people’s voluntary association with black people. In countless cases in the South the sight of a black or white family entertaining visitors of the other race resulted in a call for the police and a threatened arrest. 



The results of Jim Crow laws were not just degrading, they were deadly. Dr. Charles R. Drew, whose research on blood plasma led to the development of blood banks and who was the head of the American Red Cross blood banks in WWII, bled to death on his way to the colored hospital, which was further away, because the white hospital refused to treat him. An uncounted number of black accident victims died because they were denied help by “white” ambulances, hospitals and doctors.



Corporations, on the other hand, hijacked the Fourteenth Amendment and have used it to consolidate their power in the U.S. and the world. Corporations have gained many of the inalienable rights of humans guaranteed by the Bill of Rights with their status as “persons” under the Fourteenth Amendment. Through their right of free speech they have captured our legislatures and regulatory agencies. They have used the key to the courts that the Fourteenth Amendment provides them to invalidate legislation that might have slipped through their control of the legislative process.



One hundred and fifty years of investing wealth in lawyers and using those lawyers to flood the courts with the corporate perspective on the law has led to corporate culture defining the world through law. The provisions of law corporate lawyers argued for in U.S. courts in the 19th century they now write into international trade agreements. The U.S. economy’s colonization by corporations serves as the model for the colonization of the world by multinational corporations




new poor and ragged (4)

Part 2


When the United States was an agricultural economy, African people averaged 21% of the total population.  That lasted up to the beginning of the industrial revolution which started in 1860.  By 1930, the African American population had dropped by over 50% to 9.70% of the total population.[1]  What happened such that the population of African Americans dropped by over 50% in 70 years between 1860 and 1930?  What could the reasons be?

There weren’t any legal contraceptives, no legal abortion, nor was there an imbalanced sex ratio during that time.  So what could have happened during that time?  The only plausible answers are 1) a high infant mortality rate 2) a high maternity death rate, 3) a high mortality rate or a low average life expectancy of under 40 years of age for both men and women, 3) high death rate due to infectious disease, and 4) starvation due to malnutrition.  All of these factors are related to no medical or health care for most African Americans during that period.  Caucasian doctors would not treat African Americans despite their Hippocratic Oath to ‘do no harm’!  African Americans were not allowed service in ‘white’ hospitals. There were virtually no African American medical doctors.  Thus, because free African Americans lost value as slave labor capital they were not worth health care expenditures.

The drop in the percent of African Americans in the total population ran in an opposite direction to the influx of European immigrants into the north at the turn of the 20th century.  Even more significantly, the rise of the Caucasian population paralleled the rise of industrialization and industrial jobs.

Between 1890 and 1910, 12.5 million Europeans were allowed to immigrate to the United States and become citizens.  They were not admitted because they were needed as workers because there were millions of African Americans who were willing and able to work in the new industries.  In fact, Caucasian immigrants were living under deplorable urban conditions and they, too, became exploited laborers. However, some of them benefited by the Homestead Acts which gave to them and their descendants 10% of all U.S. land and thus wealth.[2]  Remember, African Americans were denied 40 acres and a mule. Clearly, the objective was to keep African Americans poor, dependent, and sick.

The facts suggest that industrial corporations and racist immigration policies purposely manipulated the populations of different ethnic groups to buffer elite Caucasians from African Americans living in industrial cities.  Consider these facts.

The demographic dispersion of African Americans spiraled out from the south; 53% remained in the south, 40% migrated north and northeast and 7% migrated to the western states primarily California.  Migrants were pulled by the attractive force of industrial employment opportunities.

Between 1915 and 1970, over 6 million African Americans migrated north and westward for industrial and governmental job opportunities.  Generally, during that time the industrial infrastructure had greater employment capacity than there were job demands on it except for some recessions and depressions.[3]  Keep in mind also that during that time ‘Jim Crow’ segregation became the law of the land.[4] Legal segregation would also be reflected in the industrial work place.

The Unites States was in full industrial throttle between 1860 and 1900.  Correlated with increasing industrialization was a steady process of technological innovation.  The irony is that capital in the form of machines would eventually erode the types of jobs available to African Americans who represented manual labor capital. The logic was incontrovertible; machines could do manual type jobs faster, more efficiently, and cheaper than even lowly paid African Americans.

Today, 20% of African Americans work in the public sector while 76% work in the private sector. Only, 3.8 percent are self-employed.[5]  But even more telling are these statistics:  African Americans are least employed in professional, scientific, technical services (5.9% of total employed), education (10% of total employed) and construction (8.4% of total employed).  These facts underscore the thesis of this article which is that the fate of African Americans is determined by the cold calculus of racist capitalism because these are the fields which drive industry and now the information industries.

The Political Reasons

Another purpose was to insure that ‘whites’ would be plentiful as labor capital (workers) in the growing industries.  That they would have the better industrial jobs, and even more significantly learn and keep under control within their race the higher technical skills used in industries, and of course over generations they would remain a buffer between owners and union members against African Americans.[6] Their children and grand-children would become the middle class of the 20th century.

In the 21st century a similar pattern is clear. The information based economy or service economy which is now dominant in the U.S. is massaging another retooling of the ethnic composition of the United States. Here, Congress, again, is using immigration law as a tool to design our national ethnic composition.

The African American population has been in steep decline since 1972.  That along with a 2013 proposed immigration bill would allow 11 million non-legal aliens legal residency and mushroom the Latino population overnight to over 60 million persons along with a whole new population of illegal aliens.  Such a law would be biased in favor of Latinos as evidenced in the growth of their population over the past 20 years. It will also diminish employment opportunities for African Americans because most African Americans do not speak Spanish and Spanish would become a qualifying factor for most employment selections in the service industries.


[1] Black Labor, White Wealth; Claud Anderson, Ed.D; pub. PowerNomics Corporation of America, 1994, pp.168

[2] The Enlarged Homestead Act, 1909; Stock-Raising Homestead Act, 1916;between 1962-1934 the United States gave 1.6 million homesteads or 270,000,000 acres of Federal land for private ownership.  That equaled 10% of all U.S. land.  40% of the applicants succeeded.

[3] Depressions and Recessions:1873;1893;1907;1920-21;1929-1941;1973-75

[4] Plessy v. Ferguson(1896)  7to 1; opinion written by Henry Billings Brown

[5] The African-American Labor Force in the Recovery, United States Department of Labor,2013

[6] Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896